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Adequate and acceptable reliability and validity have been Internet excessive use middle aged women for the scale previously Adiele and Olatokun ; Simcharoen et al. A total of 3. Clinical Neuropsychiatry: Journal of Treatment Evaluation, 14 173— Two university colleges situated in South Indian city of Mangalore were considered to collect the sample as per the convenience of the research team. Excessivd study of problematic internet use in nine European countries. The association between internet addiction and dissociation among Turkish college students. The assessment of internet addiction in Bangladesh: Ihternet are prevalence rates so different? Common predictors of IA include socio-demographic factors e.
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In the present series, women using HT presented a another important drawback, particularly if obesity was been 1. Song I. J Obstet Gynaecol ; Elphinston R. Studies from several countries indicate different Facebook addiction prevalence rates, mainly due to the use of a wide-range of evaluation instruments and to the lack of a clear and valid definition of this construct. Skip to main content. Prevalence and activity and sexual desire. Spada M. Diagnostic and Statistical Internet excessive use middle aged women of Behaviors. A study showed that treating female sexual function. Sexual dysfunction prevalence in a group of Mexican pre and postmenopausal women. Despite many researchers defending the hypothesis that the excessive use of the internet and social networks as Facebook can cause addiction, the concept is still controversial [ 5A lovely rose john rutter17232627 ] and the DSM-5 [ 21 ] did not include them as addiction disorders. N Engl J Med ; This rate is higher than the rate previously those who were sexually active.
International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction.
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Using two scales to evaluate internet use, researchers have found high rates of problematic internet use in a group of primarily college-aged students. The researchers evaluated internet addiction using the Internet Addiction Test, as well as newer scale of their own design, based on updated addiction criteria. This work, which is presented at the ECNP conference in Vienna, may have implications for how psychiatrists approach excessive internet use.
The unstoppable rise of the internet has given rise to fears that increasing numbers people are becoming unable to cope without regularly going online. We were concerned that the IAT questionnaire may not have been picking up on problematic modern internet use, or showing up false positives for people who were simply using the internet rather than being over-reliant on it.
Professor Van Ameringen's group, from McMaster University in Canada, surveyed students and correlated internet use with general mental health and wellbeing. Thirty-three of the students met screening criteria for internet addition according to the Internet Addiction Test. However, students met criteria for problematic internet use using Professor Van Ameringen and colleagues' new screening tool. The research team also administered a further series of self-reported tests to see how the internet addicts compared to the others in the survey on areas such as symptoms of depression and anxiety, impulsiveness, inattention and executive functioning, as well as tests for ADHD.
Individuals with internet addiction also had significantly higher amounts of depression and anxiety symptoms, problems with planning and time management, greater levels of attentional impulsivity as well as ADHD symptoms.
This leads us to a couple of questions: firstly, are we grossly underestimating the prevalence of internet addiction and secondly are these other mental health issues a cause or consequence of this excessive reliance on the internet? This may have practical medical implications. If you are trying to treat someone for an addiction when in fact they are anxious or depressed, then you may be going down the wrong route. Commenting Professor Jan Buitelaar Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre of the ECNP Child and adolescent disorders treatment Scientific Advisory Panel said: "Excessive use of the internet is an understudied phenomenon that may disguise mild or severe psychopathology; excessive use of the internet may be strongly linked to compulsive behaviour and addiction; as the authors say, further study is needed in larger populations.
Note: Content may be edited for style and length. Science News. ScienceDaily, 18 September Internet addiction may indicate other mental health problems in college-aged students. Retrieved October 22, from www. Swimming Toward an 'Internet of Health'? School burnout, in turn, may lead to excessive internet use or digital addiction. Mind the Gap, a longitudinal research The study is the first to show how college students in The research adds a fresh Below are relevant articles that may interest you.
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Interested in Opioid Epidemic? American women using one validated instrument, the FSFI. She gave him an 'out' after her cancer diagnosis. Click here to sign up. Brett KM, Chong Y. Wolniczak I. Those capable of performing daily routine activities were defined as healthy.
Internet excessive use middle aged women. Women latest
S exuality is essentially a group of anatomical, physio- beings, sexuality is an aspect that addresses sex, identity logical, and psychoaffective animal conditions that and gender roles, erotism, pleasure, intimacy, reproduction, characterize each gender.
However, among human and orientation. Sexuality is influenced by the interaction of biological, psychological, social, economical, political, eth- nical, legal historical, religious, and spiritual factors. Latin America is a mosaic of countries with different Financial disclosure: None reported. The diversity of biological and sociocultural factors Menopause, Vol. Unauthorized reproduction of this article is prohibited. Participants were also asked to complete the Meno- Latin American countries.
After consenting to participate Human sexuality is a complex phenomenon that involves and upon filling out the questionnaire, they received addi- psychological and organic processes. The research protocol for this study was bear in mind that sexuality may also be affected by sociocultural reviewed and approved by the Bioethics Committee of the changes, which are permanent occurrences within societies.
AQ6 Hence, the systematic study of sexuality data is very complex. A major improvement was an international consensus1 confer- Variables included in the general questionnaire AQ7 General data ence The International Consensus Development Conference General data were age years , parity, REDLINC center on Female Sexual Dysfunctions and the development through number city and country , menopause status premenopause, this conference of the Female Sexual Function Index FSFI , a perimenopause, or postmenopause , marital status, sexual test with psychometric properties, capable of assessing sexual status for the last 4 weeks active or inactive , educational function within various domains: desire, arousal, orgasm, pain, level expressed in years of schooling , and accessed health- lubrication, and satisfaction.
Insuffi- 59 years. Women were asked about how SD and associated risk factors among middle-aged Latin they perceived their health status and that of their partner. American women using one validated instrument, the FSFI. Those capable of performing daily routine activities were defined as healthy.
Women were asked about calculated, considering that each center covered an estimated male faithfulness. To record all data, an itemized relationships. Erectile dysfunction was defined as the persis- questionnaire was previously constructed and validated in tent or recurrent incapacity to achieve or maintain an erection 50 women before implementation at the centers affiliated to allow satisfactory sexual intercourse,17 whereas premature with the Collaborative Group for Research of the Climacteric ejaculation was defined as the persistent or recurrent ejacula- in Latin America REDLINC participating in this study tion after minimal sexual stimulation before, during, or shortly known as the REDLINC III, aiming to assess sexuality and after penetration or before the individuals desire to do so.
Healthy Hispanic women nonblack aged 40 For menopause status, the following definitions were used: to 59 years who were accompanying patients attending health premenopausal, women having regular menses; perimeno- centers were included. Similarly, lesbian women were not included in this ered as postmenopausal. Each question has a active for the past 4 wk. Scores obtained in a tinuous variables, was transformed into a categorical score, particular domain are added and multiplied by a respective now considered as women exhibiting scores of The Menopausal symptoms comprising the MRS were catego- total FSFI score is the sum of all scores obtained in each rized as not present symptom score was 0 and present domain.
Participants score of 1 or higher. Independent variables women and obtaining a total FSFI score of Each item can be formed.
A P value less than 0. The total MRS A total of 7, healthy women aged 40 to 59 years who score is the sum of the scores obtained for each subscale. Depicted in Table 1 are sociodemo- T1 MRS was used,21 which has been validated in Ecuador and graphic characteristics of surveyed women. Of women, Within this group, The sexual tistical software versions 6. Group comparisons for means years. Centers were grouped abuse rape was 4. A wide T2 INFO for the simultaneous assessment of several variation in these characteristics was seen.
Menopause, Vol. In addition, A wide AQ11 Caracas Venezuela were sexually active, whereas in Cocha- variation in scores between groups was also observed, bamba I Bolivia , Mean T especially in the pain domain ie, 5. Similar 1. The satisfaction domain differences were found regarding educational level and rate of was the least affected, with a mean T SD score of 4.
In the whole AQ2 T3 Table 3. The desire domain depending on the center studied Table 3. Significant differences in epidemiological Colombia, to 3. HT use was extremely different that when other variables were entered, odds ratio OR for SD between these two centers It was observed that those centers with higher SD ejaculation; OR, 1.
Aiming to have some evidence that the aforemen- 1. Protective factors for SD were higher female tioned predicting variables are associated with participating educational level OR, 0. Other menopausal symptoms comprising the Menopause, Vol. MRS except bladder problems as well as a history of sexual pausal, fewer were married, and fewer used HT. All these abuse, church attendance, partner older age, or alcoholism variables constitute SD risk factors.
Overall, This rate is higher than the rate previously those who were sexually active. Sexual inactivity rate among reported for Europe and United States. One study that allows inactive 1 year before the survey. As for Latin America, a comparing sexual activity rates in different regions of the Chilean study found that This Female possibility seems to be the case in a study that points out that Bad lubrication 3.
Nevertheless, epidemiological char- Education y 0. Access to private healthcare system 0. This correlation has been previously were included and related to the epidemiological aging found in a representative North American populationYbased profile of each country. Our series only included women study pointing out that decreased sexual desire is associated aged 40 to 59 years, displaying a sexual activity rate with emotional psychological distress.
Including only middle- compromised. Anhedonia, the incapacity to experience plea- aged women decreases selection bias caused by older sure from normally pleasurable life events such as eating, women, which eventually influences sexual activity rate. Our average total FSFI score was slightly higher confirm those of other studies, suggesting that the presence of than that reported by others: In Chile, we have previously score, given the high rate of sexual satisfaction found in these reported scores ranging from One hypothesis could be that Latin American aged 45 to 49 and 60 to 64 years, respectively.
This diseases and therapies on sexuality, few epidemiological interpretation seems to be supported by observations found studies have been drawn on normal populations. Despite this, good reflecting a certain degree of unsatisfaction.
For this study, we could have revealed a higher rate of sexual reason, self-administered questionnaires such as the FSFI dissatisfaction among our participants. The Cochabamba I group was study. Our SD prevalence rate The same trend was found in a comparison of centers average ,39 yet lower than that found in Thailand However, the great amount of data regarding ences sexual function. Not determining body mass index over- may not necessarily ensue, especially if compliance is not weight and obesity in the present series may be seen as optimal.
In the present series, women using HT presented a another important drawback, particularly if obesity was been 1. This observation has been a the prevalence of SD was found to be high, varying widely in constant in several studies, independent of the place of origin. Differences in the women aged 20 to 60 years, educational level is an SD prevalence of risk factors among groups could explain the protective factor.
Age and educational level were also found variation of SD prevalence observed in this study. Hence, to be risk factors for SD in a representative US study because of the wide diversity of the population educational composed of women aged 18 to 59 years. Despite the outlined limitations, to experiencing an overall increasing trend,52 it can be expected the best of our knowledge this is the first and largest study that this will have a midterm positive impact on sexuality.
Indeed, masculine modifiable. SD significantly increased the risk for female SD. WHO: Geneva, AQ15 to that found in the present series Another publica- 2. Report of the international erection and that this issue influenced their sexual satisfac- consensus development conference on female sexual dysfunction: tion. J Urol ; A study showed that treating female sexual function. J Sex Marital Ther ; Rev Chil Obstet Ginecol ; Impact of diabetes decreased SD; this may translate to a healthy relationship, a mellitus on the sexuality of Peruvian postmenopausal.
Gynecol known factor related to good sexuality. Increased menopausal symptoms male SD to increase with age; however, partner older age was among Afro-Colombian women as assessed with the Menopause Rating not found as a risk factor for SD in our series. It is possible Scale.
Maturitas ; Climacteric ; Age at menopause in Latin America. Menopause ; In other series, sexual abuse has been found as a Impaired quality of life among significant risk factor for SD in middle-aged women27; this middle aged women: a multicentre Latin American study.
Maturitas was not the case in our series in which the rate of sexual ; Statistical Yearbook for Latin America and the abuse did not significantly differ among women with or Caribbean. Santiago, Chile: United Nations, Other studies also using the FSFI have not found Influence of menopause and hormone replace therapy.
Rev Med Chil ; Regular church attendance was not found as a protective Prevalence of sexual dysfunction in 8 Menopause, Vol. What is the Btrue[ with hormonal profile. J Sex Med ; Tracy JK, Junginger J. Correlates of lesbian sexual functioning.
J these conditions have an impact? Womens Health Larchmt ; Science News. Story Source: Materials provided by University of Leeds. Journal Reference : Morrison et al. Psychopathology , ; 43 2 : DOI: ScienceDaily, 4 February University of Leeds. Excessive Internet use is linked to depression. Retrieved October 22, from www. However, the findings do show that relatively higher depressive symptoms Individuals in the study who reported greater depressive symptoms Below are relevant articles that may interest you.
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Department of Clinical Psychology, Dr. Excessive internet use, psychological distress, and its inter-relationship among university students can impact their academic progress, scholastic competence, career goals, and extracurricular interests.
Thus, a need exists to evaluate the addictive internet use among university students. This study was set up to examine the internet use behaviors, internet addiction IA , and its association with psychological distress primarily depression among a large group of university students from South India.
Totally university students aged 18—21 years; pursuing undergraduate studies from a recognized university in South India participated in the study. The patterns of internet use and socioeducational data were collected through the internet use behaviors and demographic data sheet, IA test IAT was utilized to assess IA and psychological distress primarily depressive symptoms were evaluated with Self-Report Questionnaire Male gender, duration of use, time spent per day, frequency of internet use, and psychological distress depressive symptoms predicted IA.
IA was present among a substantial proportion of university students which can inhibit their academic progress and impact their psychological health. Early identification of risk factors of IA can facilitate the effective prevention and timely initiation of treatment strategies for IA and psychological distress among university students. Over the years, ever-increasing use of the Internet for work and leisure activities has led to its omnipresent presence across all activities of the day, and this has disguised the boundaries between functional and dysfunctional internet use.
The use of the Internet in a healthy manner can be understood as achieving a desired goal within an appropriate time frame without experiencing intellectual or behavioral discomfort. The emergence of the Internet as a medium to interact is turning into an absolute need and an effective space for interchange of ideas, establishing risk free social connections with strangers, free expression of thoughts, possibility to access prohibited content, involvement in unique games, and use of numerous other functions in substantial privacy draws individuals of divergent interests which has led to exponential rise in use of the Internet.
Some individuals cannot control their use of the Internet whereas others can limit their use. Excessive use of the Internet has been termed by researchers by use of varied terminologies such as compulsive internet use,[ 15 ] problematic internet use,[ 16 ] pathological internet use, and IA. Research literature suggests that depression is a leading comorbid disorder with IA.
The occurrence of depression among the young individuals with IA and existence of IA among the depressed individuals has been observed. The primary mental illness is depression or IA is debatable with respect to research evidence.
The objective of this study is to investigate the severity of IA and depression and its interrelationship among the university students. Research information offered by this study can be of use to a wide array of health professionals such as psychiatrists, psychologists, psychosocial counselors, and mental health professionals at primary care levels to understand the severity of the phenomenon and the relationships between psychological factors and IA.
The present study employed a cross-sectional study design. Totally students pursuing undergraduate studies aged between 18 and 21 years, studying in science, commerce, and humanities subject streams at recognized universities, participated in the study.
All these university students were using the Internet for at least 1 year duration, were fluent in their ability to read, write, and comprehend English and gave written informed consent for the study were included in the study. Two university colleges situated in South Indian city of Mangalore were considered to collect the sample as per the convenience of the research team. All the students of these two colleges who were present on the day of data collection were invited to participate in the study.
Totally students who gave a written informed consent were included in the study. The undergraduate students were chosen as sample for this study as presence of addictive internet behaviors in this population can have far-reaching consequences on the individual's academic progress in their respective field and at a larger level impact the professional progress of these individuals. Ethical approval was received from the institute ethics board of K. The schedule was constructed by the research team to document information about sociodemographic data and internet usage variables, namely duration, frequency, devices used, time spent on the Internet, craving for internet use, attempts to reduce internet use, and similar other variables.
It is a 20 item self-report scale based on a 5-point Likert scale to assess the IA and its severity. The total score was interpreted with the norm criteria of the scale which indicates mild, moderate, or severe categories IA. IA test IAT shows good-to-moderate internal consistency alpha coefficients - 0. The Self-Report Questionnaire SRQ is a item self-administered tool developed by the World Health Organization specifically for the use in developing countries for screening of mental health conditions at community settings.
The research team had approached two university colleges situated in the South Indian city of Mangalore who were offering undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in science, commerce, and humanities subject streams. On gaining the permission from each of the university colleges for conducting this research study, the research assistants approached the undergraduate students during their free hour in the classroom setup on the days of data collection designated by the university college.
Each of these university undergraduate students was explained about the nature of the study and was invited to participate in this research survey. Totally undergraduate university students who showed willingness to participate and gave a written informed consent were included in the study.
Each of these university undergraduate students then completed a set of assessment tools which included a sociodemographic interview schedule, IAT, and the SRQ. Each Individual took around 45—60 min to complete the self-report tools. It took around 6 months for the collection of data across the two university colleges. Out of the 10, three were Faculty from Department of Psychiatry; K. Aloysius College, Mangalore, Karnataka. The qualifications of this research team ranged from M.
Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal- Wallis tests were utilized to detect the difference among groups. Logistic Regression analysis was carried out to identify the predictors of IA. The ages of the study sample ranged from 18 to 21 years with the mean age being One-third of the samples Distribution of mean scores of the students on the Internet addiction test according to some of the characteristics of their internet usage.
Distribution of the mean scores of the students on the self-report questionnaire according to some of their characteristics of internet usage. The students who have higher SRQ scores were likely to engage in the addictive use of the Internet. The university students engaged in severe addictive use of the Internet were 0. The present study findings are similar to prevalence rates of moderate IA reported by other Indian studies which ranged from 7.
The regression and correlation analysis findings of the study indicate that university students who are comparatively older in the study age range were at higher risk for indulging in IA. These findings are in overall agreement to those reported among university students in China.
Those young individuals who lack self-control in context of decreased parental monitoring are at higher risk for IA. In our study, male gender also predicted IA. The findings of meta-analytic research of studies conducted between and support the vulnerability of male gender to IA.
University students staying away from their families, in rented accommodations, were at a higher risk of developing IA. This study finding is in alignment with studies done in India[ 39 ] and Iran[ 50 ] which too suggested IA is higher among students who stay independently. The experience of boredom, loneliness, and availability of privacy, ease of the Internet access, and minimal presence of parental supervision are factors which likely escalate the excessive use of the Internet.
The amount of time an individual spends on the Internet is a crucial factor which increases risk of IA. Our study indicated that time spent on internet per day and daily frequencies of internet use were variables which predicted IA. The severity levels of IA increase with increase in duration of internet use is consistently suggested by research evidence from many studies.
Another study from India[ 54 ] corroborated with the findings of the present study. Individuals who were using both mobiles and computer tablets experienced higher levels of IA.
Mobile phones and computer tablets have become nearly inseparable gadgets of youth as it offers easy accessibility, affordability, and connectivity to the Internet throughout the day and these characteristics in itself appear to intensify internet addictive behaviors.
Duration of internet use was also predictor for IA among university students in Turkey. However, this finding does not necessarily highlight the time duration required for the emergence of IA since its initial use by the individual.
Another study conducted in India suggested time duration of 6 years between first use and development of IA. It is interesting to note the occurrence that why new challenges keep arising with invention of newer technologies which are created in the first place to solve existing challenges.
Nearly This indicates that the first initial step toward the healthy use of technology can be awareness generation about IA among university students and faculty. The presence of psychological distress appears to be a significant factor which has the potential to increase the risk of IA. Regression analysis indicated university students who had psychological distress depressive symptoms predicted IA or were at risk for engaging in IA behaviors.
The correlation between depression and IA observed in this study has been reported by other studies. The beginning of an undergraduate course in university brings with itself a set of challenges and a phase of transition in youth life. Many students stay in rented accommodations or in university hostel to address the requirements of the course.
In addition, this transition requires them to solve everyday challenges of staying out of home, taking care of one's health, form new interpersonal relationships, and gather social and emotional support. The individuals who are vulnerable can experience boredom, loneliness, and depression during this phase of transition in young adulthood. In this context, the Internet can be viewed by some individuals as a medium to cope up with the psychological distress caused by the new challenges.
To establish new interpersonal relationships, seek information, guidance, and for entertainment, the Internet can be used by students. However, the risk for IA increases with excessive use of the Internet which has potential to cause depression. The individuals who are predisposed to depression or are experiencing depression are engaging in addictive use of the Internet. In South India, IA appears to be an emergent and significant mental health condition among university students.
Psychological distress depression and IA were positively correlated, and it is a variable which predicts IA. University students must be screened for IA and psychological distress as there is a substantial possibility that they coexist and can magnify each other.
Early intervention can be offered to young adults if efforts are directed toward the identification and timely referrals to specialized centers of psychological care. Thus, awareness generation initiatives about IA and its risk factors among students and faculty will be a valuable initial step towards healthy use of the Internet.
National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Ind Psychiatry J v. Ind Psychiatry J. Santosh Prabhu 2 Department of Psychiatry, K. Shrinivasa U. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Hegde Medical College, Mangalore, India. Address for correspondence: Dr.
Anish V. E-mail: moc. This is an open access journal, and articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.
Abstract Background: Excessive internet use, psychological distress, and its inter-relationship among university students can impact their academic progress, scholastic competence, career goals, and extracurricular interests.