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March Learn how and when to remove this template message. Subcompact car, rebadged Hillman Avenger. While my Valiant Model of plymouth will change from side to side, the seats will not. Plymouth Road Runner. Turn the key and the ci V8 engine will be ready for battle. Popular Science. This beautiful Plymouth Duster is a matching numbers masterpiece. Division of Chrysler. Model of plymouth many small cars, the K-cars retained the traditional 6 passenger 2 bench seat with column shifter seating arrangement favored by many Americans. The all-new model, styled by John E.
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- Year by year history and photos of the Plymouth Valiant.
This page is for personal, non-commercial use. That certainly would have been a shot in the arm for the brand, but unfortunately, Plymouth was a casualty of the merger that created DaimlerChyrsler. The last year for the brand was Deep discounts on new vehicles, car buying tips and expert advice, sent to your in-box for free.
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Plymouth types also have car class information available if you click on their names and go to their dedicated page. Plymouth was a brand of automobiles based in the United States , produced by the Chrysler Corporation and its successor DaimlerChrysler. In , Chrysler decided to catch up with Ford and Chevrolet in engine cylinder count. The Reliant was powered by a then-new 2. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Model of plymouth. Second generation: 1967 Plymouth Valiants
Plymouth (automobile) - Wikipedia
Plymouth was a brand of automobiles based in the United States , produced by the Chrysler Corporation and its successor DaimlerChrysler. The brand first appeared in in the United States to compete in what was then described as the "low-priced" market segment dominated by Chevrolet and Ford. Plymouth was the high-volume seller for the automaker until the late s.
The brand was withdrawn from the marketplace in The Plymouth models that were produced up to then were either discontinued or rebranded as Chrysler or Dodge. The logo featured a rear view of the ship Mayflower which landed at Plymouth Rock in Plymouth, Massachusetts. However, the inspiration for the Plymouth brand name came from Plymouth binder twine, produced by the Plymouth Cordage Company , also of Plymouth.
The name was chosen by Joe Frazer due to the popularity of the twine among farmers. The origins of Plymouth can be traced back to the Maxwell automobile. When Walter P. Chrysler took over control of the troubled Maxwell- Chalmers car company in the early s, he inherited the Maxwell as part of the package. After he used the company's facilities to help create and launch the six-cylinder Chrysler automobile in , he decided to create a lower-priced companion car.
So for , the Maxwell was reworked and rebadged as the low-end four-cylinder Chrysler "52" model. In , the "52" was once again redesigned to create the Chrysler-Plymouth Model Q. While the original purpose of the Plymouth was to serve the lower end of a booming automobile market, during the Great Depression of the s, the division helped significantly in ensuring the survival of the Chrysler Corporation when many other car companies failed.
In , Chrysler decided to catch up with Ford and Chevrolet in engine cylinder count. The model designation was advanced to 'PD'. The PC became the 'Standard Six'. It had been the 'Plymouth Six' at introduction, and was sold through to the end of , but in much lower numbers. In , Plymouth along with the other Chrysler makes added safety features such as flat dash boards with recessed controls and the back of the front seat padded for the rear seat occupants .
The flathead six which started with the Model PC stayed in the Plymouth until the models. In , Plymouth produced , vehicles, of which 5, were two-door convertible coupes  with rumble seats.
The convertible coupe was prominently featured at Chrysler's exhibit at the New York World's Fair , advertised as the first mass-production convertible with a power folding top. For much of its life, Plymouth was one of the top-selling American automobile brands; it, together with Chevrolet and Ford , was commonly referred to as the "low-priced three" marques in the American market. However, the — Forward Look models suffered from poor materials, spotty build quality, and inadequate corrosion protection; they were rust-prone and greatly damaged Chrysler's reputation.
In , Chrysler started its decade-long unsuccessful attempt to develop and market a viable car powered by a turbine engine when it installed an experimental turbine developed specifically for road vehicles in a Plymouth. Although Plymouth sales suffered as a result of the quality control problems and excesses of the Exner-styled models in the early s, people bought enough of the cars to keep the division profitable.
Starting in , the Valiant compact became a Plymouth, further boosting sales. Under the impression that Chevrolet was about to "downsize" its models, Chrysler introduced a significantly smaller standard Plymouth for As is known, Chevrolet's big cars were not downsized, catching Plymouth in a sales slump in a market where "bigger was better".
The Fury, Belvedere, and Savoy were slightly larger, featuring a totally new body style, highlighted by prominent outboard front parking lights. For , Plymouth got another major restyle, featuring a new "slantback" roofline for hardtop coupes that would prove popular. For , the Fury models were built on the new C-body platform. The Savoy line was discontinued and the Belvedere was classified an intermediate, retaining the B-body platform used starting The Sport Fury, which featured bucket seats and console shifter, was a mix of luxury and sport.
Furys, Belvederes, and Valiants continued to sell well during the lates and earlys. The performance car market segment expanded during the late s and early s.
The Barracuda fastback is considered the first of Plymouth's sporty cars. The Barracuda, originally a "compact sporty car", became available with the Hemi and big block engines in During this time, the brand also competed in professional automobile racing. By the s, emissions and safety regulations, along with soaring gasoline prices and an economic downturn, meant demand dropped for all muscle-type models.
As with other American vehicles of the time, [ citation needed ] there was a progressive decrease in the Barracuda's performance. To meet increasingly stringent safety and exhaust emission regulations, big-block engine options were discontinued. The remaining engines were detuned year by year to reduce exhaust emissions, which also reduced their power output. There was also an increase in weight as bumpers became larger and, starting in , E-body doors were equipped with heavy steel side-impact protection beams.
Higher fuel prices and performance-car insurance surcharges deterred many buyers as the interest in high-performance cars waned. Sales of pony cars were on the decline. The redesign for the Barracuda removed all its previous commonality with the Valiant. The original fastback design was deleted from the line and the Barracuda now consisted of coupe and convertible models.
The all-new model, styled by John E. Herlitz , was built on a shorter, wider version of Chrysler's existing B platform , called the E-body. The E-body Barracuda was now "able to shake the stigma of 'economy car'. The compact Valiant sold well, and built a reputation for attractive styling, durability, economy, and value.
Although the Valiant hardtop was discontinued for , it was reintroduced as a virtual clone of the Dodge Dart Swinger for under the model name "Valiant Scamp". Horizon sold well, but unfortunately suffered from a scathing report by Consumer Reports , which found its handling dangerous in certain situations. Plymouth continued to sell the Horizon until , when a variety of front-wheel drive compact cars made up the line. While attempting to compete with Ford and Chevrolet for big-car sales, Plymouth was hurt by Chrysler's financial woes in the late s, when both its competitors downsized their full-size models.
The Plymouth Reliant and Dodge Aries were introduced for model year as the first " K-cars " manufactured and marketed by the Chrysler Corporation. The Reliant was available as a 2-door coupe , 4-door sedan , or as a 4-door station wagon , in three different trim lines: base, Custom and SE "Special Edition". Station wagons came only in Custom or SE trim. Unlike many small cars, the K-cars retained the traditional 6 passenger 2 bench seat with column shifter seating arrangement favored by many Americans.
The Reliant was powered by a then-new 2. Initial sales were brisk, with the both Reliant and Aries each selling over , units in The Aries replaced the Dodge Aspen.
The Reliant and Aries were classified by the EPA as mid-size and were the smallest cars to have 6-passenger seating with a 3-seat per row setup, similar to larger rear-wheel drive cars such as the Dodge Dart and other front-wheel drive cars such as the Chevrolet Celebrity.
Chrysler marketed the car as being able to seat "six Americans. They were virtually identical with the exception of badging. Once again, the third generation Gran Fury was available in base and higher-end "Salon" trim. This generation of the Gran Fury sold in respectable numbers. This was the last car to carry the Gran Fury nameplate, but it remained largely unchanged for its 7-year run.
Declining sales, a lack of promotion, and technical obsolescence—the platform dated back to the Plymouth Volare and Dodge Aspen —eventually contributed to the model's demise in early That year, a driver-side airbag became standard; this would be the last RWD Plymouth until the introduction of the Prowler. While Dodge offered the Monaco , and later the Intrepid , Chrysler never replaced the Gran Fury with any other large car in the remainder of Plymouth's lineup on through to its demise in the model year.
In , Chrysler marketed the rebadged Plymouth variant of its new minivan as the Voyager, using the Chrysler's S platform, derived from the K-platform Plymouth Reliant and Dodge Aries. The Voyager shared components with the K-cars including portions of the interior, e. It was available only with SE or LE trim. First-generation Voyager minivans were offered in three trim levels: an unnamed base model, mid-grade SE , and high-end LE , the latter bearing simulated woodgrain paneling.
Safety features included 3-point seat belts for the front two passengers and lap belts for rear passengers. Standard on all Voyagers were legally mandated side-impact reinforcements for all seating front and rear outboard positions, but airbags or ABS were not available.
Later commercials in featured rock singer Tina Turner. For , which was the Sundance's first year, it was available in a single base model.
For , a higher-end RS model was available. The RS model, which stood for Rally Sport, came with standard features that included two-tone paint, fog lights, and a leather-wrapped steering wheel. It was also available with a turbocharged 2. For , the base model split into two distinct models: entry-level America and mid-level Highline, in addition to the high-end RS. The stripped-down America had previously been offered for the Plymouth Horizon's final year in The Acclaim differed from its siblings primarily in wheel choices, bodyside molding, and fascias where it sported its unique taillights and the corporate Plymouth eggcrate-grille.
Like the K-body and E-body vehicles they replaced, the Acclaim and Dodge Spirit were both marketed as mainstream variants, while the Chrysler LeBaron was marketed as the luxury variant. Despite this, there was substantial overlap in trims and equipment among each car. In addition to its entry-level base model, the Acclaim was initially available in mid-range LE and high-end LX trim. By the s, Plymouth had lost much of its identity, as its models continued to overlap in features and prices with Dodges and Eagles.
This included giving Plymouth its own new sailboat logo and advertisements that focused solely on value. Chrysler considered giving Plymouth a variant of the highly successful new-for full-size LH platform ,  which would have been called the Accolade, but decided against it. After discontinuing the Eagle brand in , Chrysler was planning to expand the Plymouth line with a number of unique models before the corporation's merger with Daimler-Benz AG.
The first model was the Plymouth Prowler , a hot rod -styled sports car. The PT Cruiser was to have been the second. Both models had similar front-end styling, suggesting Chrysler intended a retro styling theme for the Plymouth brand. At the time of Daimler's takeover of Chrysler, Plymouth had no models besides the Prowler not also offered in similar version by Dodge.
From a peak production of , for the model year, Plymouth rarely exceeded , cars per year after