The First Talk Older Kids. They need to know where they came from, how much they were wanted, and how special they are! Studies show that the earlier kids learn about their unique origins the better. For donor conceived kids who can't remember a time they didn't know there was a donor who helped them come into the world, the adjustment is easiest. Reading books that tell the simple story that you wanted your child so very much but needed some extra help to have them makes kids feel wanted and treasured, and fortunate.
And Sperm donation book can trust me that it will not be the last omg i freakin Sperm donation book this book seriously. All of it. A comprehensive resource book for women who have chosen, or are thinking of Gardener seduced, single motherhood. It is goofy, crude and lewd and absolutely donatuon. On the negative side, this market for sperm reinforces class and racial biases that tend to favor those who already get a lot of privilege in this society: well-educated, dojation, white, blue-eyed athletes. Ages 4 and up One in Many Millions. Aug 16, R. Comprehensive guide. The same is true of father-child encounters.
No mans land latinas. You are here
AZ Couple looking for Az Donor. In the United Kingdom, the Donatipn Committee was formed in July to consider issues of sperm donation and assisted reproduction techniques. The Guardian. Ginsburg ES, et al. Sperm agencies are largely unregulated and, because the sperm is not bookk, may carry sexually transmitted diseases. Karrie Spier. Just want to say hello? Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences. By using these services, donors Sperm donation book find offspring despite the fact that they may have donated anonymously. Vook donor will Sperm donation book produce samples once or twice during a recipient's fertile period, but a second sample each time may not have the same fecundity of the first sample because it is produced too soon after the first one. Kits are available, usually on-line, for artificial insemination for private donor use, and these kits generally include a collection Penis mederma circumcision scar, a syringe, ovulation tests and pregnancy tests. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission.
Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read.
- The book is very colorful and ideal for children even before they can read, because the pictures are so full of details it easily captures the child s attention.
- The process can look like a seamless way to create a family, and for many, it is.
- Hey there, I'm a tall, healthy, caucasian donor available in Oklahoma.
- The First Talk Older Kids.
Weschler, Toni. William Morrow, This accessible, guide to understanding your body and fertility signs gets our highest recommendation. Brill, Stephanie. Alyson Publications, Pepper, Rachel. Cleis Press, A humorous and insightful guide written by a lesbian mother who herself used donor sperm to conceive.
Building a Family with the Assistance of Donor Insemination. Daniels, Ken. For those heterosexual couples considering or who have built their families through donor conception.
Discusses "when and how" to share this information with children. Morrissette, Mikki. Be-Mondo Publishing, A comprehensive resource book for women who have chosen, or are thinking of choosing, single motherhood. Morrissette is founder of Choice Moms. Lorbach, Caroline. Jessica Kingsley Publishers, Lorbach takes the reader through the decision to use donor conception, choosing a donor, and discussing with others.
Includes the experiences of married heterosexual, single, and lesbian parents and sperm donors. Gallup, Caroline. Caroline and Bruce discover that Bruce does not appear to produce sperm. Written with candor, humor and an eye for detail. Hertz, Rosanna. Oxford University Press, Interviews with 65 mothers, straight and lesbian who speak candidly about managing their lives as single mothers. Mattes, Jane. Random House, Comprehensive guide.
Mohler, Marie and Frazer, Lacy. Harrington Park Press, Partners, parents, and children conceived through donor insemination share their experiences and offer detailed advice. Aizely, Harlyn. Beacon Press, Degroot, Jeffery. Offers testimonials and advice to answer the questions and address the concerns of current and future generations of donor-conceived children, youth and adults.
This guide is the first of its kind, a resource specifically created for and by people with transgender parents. Miller, Amie. Doskow, Emily and Frank Zagone. Nolo Press, Contains information and forms to help you complete a stepparent or domestic partner adoption in California.
Helps LGBT couples take charge of their legal needs and take the necessary steps to define and protect their relationships.
With CD containing useful forms. New Harbinger Publications, Practical suggestions for dealing with the challenges of defining, protecting, and celebrating queer families. Clunis, D Merilee. HarperCollins, An affirming guide for lesbian families.
Garner, Abigail. Harper Collins, Macmillan, A practical guide to the issues of DI for heterosexual couples struggling with male infertility. Goldberg, Abbie E. APA Books, An up-to-date summary of research on same-sex parents and their children. Day, Frances Ann. Greenwood Press, Ehrensaft, Diane. Guilford Press, A down-to-earth manual addressing the issues raised by assisted reproduction, written by a therapist with twenty years experience in the field. Drexler, Peggy with Linden Gross.
Rodale Press, Based on interviews with single mothers, lesbian mothers, and their sons, Drexler offers up anecdotes and tips that are useful and validating to any mother trying to raise a strong and compassionate man. Elwin, Rosamund and Paulse, Michele. Thoughtful story showing how a young girl and her two moms deal positively with homophobia at school. Characters of all different ethnic backgrounds. Ages 6 and up. Considine, Kaitlyn. Two moms teach their daughter to be nice to her cat.
Ages Heather Has Two Mommies. Newman, Leslea. Candlewick Press, The important thing about a family is that all the people love each other. Updated version of a classic. Ages 4 and up. King and King. Tricycle Press, And they live happily ever after! Mommy, Mama and Me. Boardbook for toddlers. Oh The Things Mommies Do! Tompkins, Crystal with Evans, Lindsey. Creative Space Publishing, A playful celebration of lesbian mothers. One in Many Millions.
Miles, Rebecca Jayne and Tortop Anil. Self-published , Beautifully explains the process of making a baby to children who have two Mums. Valentine, Johnny. A collection of five original fairy tales with a cast of gay and lesbian characters embedded within the tales.
Greenberg, Keith. Lerner Publications, Eleven-year-old Zack describes life with his two moms in this photo-essay for pre-teens. Little Treasure: Natalie sets off on a journey, and with the help of a few nice people, brings a smiley baby into the world, with the help of a donor.
Georgy, A. CreateSpace publishing, Written by a single choice mom. Ryan, Mary E.
Further information: Religious response to assisted reproductive technology. Mother Earth News. The Times. Catholicism officially opposes both the donation of sperm and the use of donor sperm on the basis that it compromises the sexual unity of the marital relationship and the idea "that the procreation of a human person be brought about as the fruit of the conjugal act specific to the love between spouses. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois regarding autism diagnoses among multiple offspring of Donor-H
Sperm donation book. Why it's done
My daughter is 2 and I started reading it to her and it has become one of our favorite books. My daughter always points to the same pea every time and I tell her that this story is all about her!! Every time I read this book I tear up with happy tears Very short read with fun pictures to keep your Special Pea interested!!
I would highly recommend this book!! Karrie Spier. I work for one of the larger embryo donation agencies in the US and we recommend this book to all our recipient couples. It is a book written in such a way as to be a fun story about how a child who is a pea came about through the help of a doctor and donor couple. It is not meant to illustrate a human child, rather it is meant to open a discussion. If recipient couples read this book to their children just as they would read them "Goodnight Moon" then it will open the lines of communication when it is time to talk about how their miracle came about.
I thank Ms Kluger-Bell for writing the series on egg, sperm and embryo donation babies and look forward to reading the next edition Angie Sayles. Simple language, short story, but I'm hoping effective. My daughter is only 3 months old now, but we have read it often already. It helps us feel comfortable with what to say as she does start talking.
It's cute and rhymes! Just want to say hello? We love to hear from you!! Sperm agencies are largely unregulated and, because the sperm is not quarantined, may carry sexually transmitted diseases. This lack of regulation has led to authorities in some jurisdictions bringing legal action against sperm agencies. Agencies typically insist on STI testing for donors, but such tests cannot detect recent infections.
Donors providing sperm in this way may not be protected by laws which apply to donations through a sperm bank or fertility clinic and will, if traced, be regarded as the legal father of each child produced. Couples or individuals who need insemination by a third-party may seek assistance privately and directly from a friend or family member, or may obtain a "private" or "directed" donation by advertising or through a broker.
A number of web sites seek to link recipients with sperm donors, while advertisements in gay and lesbian publications are common. Recipients may already know the donor, or if arranged through a broker, the donor may meet the recipients and become known to them. Where a private or directed donation is used, sperm need not be frozen. However, the laws of some countries e. New Zealand recognize written agreements between donors and recipients in a similar way to donations through a sperm bank.
Kits are available, usually on-line, for artificial insemination for private donor use, and these kits generally include a collection pot, a syringe, ovulation tests and pregnancy tests. A vaginal speculum and a soft cup may also be used. STI testing kits are also available but these only produce a 'snap-shot' result and, since sperm will not be frozen and quarantined, there will be risks associated with it. Insemination through sexual intercourse is known as natural insemination NI.
Where natural insemination is carried out by a person who is not the woman's usual sexual partner, and in circumstances where the express intention is to secure a pregnancy, this may be referred to as 'sperm donation by natural insemination'. Traditionally, a woman who becomes pregnant through natural insemination has always had a legal right to claim child support from the donor and the donor a legal right to the custody of the child.
Conceiving through natural insemination is considered a natural process, so the biological father has also been seen as the legal and social father and was liable for child support and custody rights of the child. The law therefore made a fine distinction based on the method of conception: the biological relationship between the father and the child and the reason for the pregnancy having been achieved will be the same whether the child was conceived naturally or by artificial means, but the legal position has been different.
Natural insemination donors will therefore often donate without revealing their identity. A case in in the Canadian State of Ontario has, however thrown doubt on this position. That case held that where the parties agreed in advance of the conception that the resulting child would not be the legal responsibility of the man, the courts would uphold that agreement.
The court held that the method of conception was irrelevant: it was the purpose of it which mattered. Where an artificial means of conception is used, the reproductive integrity of the recipient woman will not be preserved, and the purpose of preserving sexual integrity by employing artificial means of insemination will not over-ride this effect.
Some private sperm donors offer both natural and artificial insemination, or they may offer natural insemination after attempts to achieve conception by artificial insemination have failed. Many sperm donors are influenced by the fact that a woman who is not the donor's usual sexual partner will carry his child whatever the means of conception, and that for this reason, the actual method of insemination is irrelevant.
Women may seek natural insemination for various reasons including the desire by them for a "natural" conception. Natural insemination by a donor usually avoids the need for costly medical procedures that may require the intervention of third parties. It may lack some of the safety precautions and screenings usually built into the artificial insemination process  but proponents claim that it produces higher pregnancy rates.
However, it has not been medically proved that natural insemination has an increased chance of pregnancy. NI is generally only carried out at the female's fertile time, as with other methods of insemination, in order to achieve the best chances of a pregnancy.
Because NI is an essentially private matter, the extent of its popularity is unknown. However, private on-line advertisements and social media comments indicate that it is increasingly used as a means of sperm donation. A sperm donor is usually advised not to ejaculate for two to three days before providing the sample, to increase sperm count.
A sperm donor produces and collects sperm at a sperm bank or clinic by masturbation or during sexual intercourse with the use of a collection condom. Sperm banks and clinics may "wash" the sperm sample to extract sperm from the rest of the material in the semen. It may be washed after thawing for use in IUI procedures. A cryoprotectant semen extender is added if the sperm is to be placed in frozen storage in liquid nitrogen , and the sample is then frozen in a number of vials or straws.
Following analysis of an individual donor's sperm, straws or vials may be prepared which contain differing amounts of motile sperm post-thaw. Following the necessary quarantine period, the samples are thawed and used to inseminate women through artificial insemination or other ART treatments. Sperm banks typically screen potential donors for genetic diseases , chromosomal abnormalities and sexually transmitted infections that may be transmitted through sperm.
The screening procedure generally also includes a quarantine period, in which the samples are frozen and stored for at least six months after which the donor will be re-tested for sexually transmitted diseases STIs. This is to ensure no new infections have been acquired or have developed during the period of donation.
Providing the result is negative, the sperm samples can be released from quarantine and used in treatments. The number of donor samples ejaculates that is required to help give rise to a child varies substantially from donor to donor, as well as from clinic to clinic. However, the following equations generalize the main factors involved:. For intracervical insemination :. The pregnancy rate increases with increasing number of motile sperm used, but only up to a certain degree, when other factors become limiting instead.
With these numbers, one sample would on average help giving rise to 0. For intrauterine insemination , a centrifugation fraction f c may be added to the equation:.
However, the actual number of births per sample will depend on the actual ART method used, the age and medical condition of the female bearing the child, and the quality of the embryos produced by fertilization. Donor sperm is less commonly used for IVF treatments than for artificial insemination. This is because IVF treatments are usually required only when there is a problem with the female conceiving, or where there is a 'male factor problem' involving the female's partner.
Donor sperm is also used for IVF in surrogacy arrangements where an embryo may be created in an IVF procedure using donor sperm and this is then implanted in a surrogate. In a case where IVF treatments are employed using donor sperm, surplus embryos may be donated to other women or couples and used in embryo transfer procedures.
When donor sperm is used for IVF treatments, there is a risk that large numbers of children will be born from a single donor since a single ejaculate may produce up to 20 straws for IVF use.
Many sperm banks therefore limit the amount of semen from each donor which is prepared for IVF use, or they may restrict the period of time for which such a donor donates his sperm to perhaps as little as three months about nine or ten ejaculates. In the US, sperm banks maintain lists or catalogues of donors which provide basic information such as racial origin, skin color, height, weight, color of eyes, and blood group.
Some sperm banks make additional information about each donor available for an additional fee, and others make additional basic information known to children produced from donors when those children reach the age of eighteen. Some clinics offer "exclusive donors" whose sperm is only used to produce pregnancies for one recipient female. How accurate this is, or can be, is not known, and neither is it known whether the information produced by sperm banks, or by the donors themselves, is true.
Simply because such information is not verifiable does not imply that it is in any way inaccurate, and a sperm bank will rely upon its reputation which, in turn, will be based upon its success rate and upon the accuracy of the information about its donors which it makes available.
Donors need to provide identifying information to the clinic and clinics will usually ask the donor's GP to confirm any medical details they have been given. Donors are asked to provide a pen portrait of themselves which is held by the HFEA and can be obtained by the adult conceived from the donation at the age of 16, along with identifying information such as the donor's name and last known address at Known donation is permitted and it is not uncommon for family or friends to donate to a recipient couple.
Qualities that potential recipients typically prefer in donors include the donors being tall, college educated, and with a consistently high sperm count. Sexually active gay men are prohibited or discouraged from donating in some countries, including the US. Sperm banks also screen out some potential donors based on height, baldness, and family medical history. Where a donor donates sperm through a sperm bank, the sperm bank will generally undertake a number of checks to ensure that the donor produces sperm of sufficient quantity and quality and that the donor is healthy and will not pass diseases through the use of his sperm.
The donor's sperm must also withstand the freezing and thawing process necessary to store and quarantine the sperm. The cost to the sperm bank for such tests is considerable, [ clarification needed ] which normally means that clinics may use the same donor to produce a number of pregnancies in multiple women. These laws are designed to protect the children produced by sperm donation as well as the donor's natural children from consanguinity in later life: they are not intended to protect the donor himself and those donating sperm will be aware that their donations may give rise to numerous pregnancies in different jurisdictions.
Such laws, where they exist, vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, and a sperm bank may also impose its own limits. The latter will be based on the reports of pregnancies which the sperm bank receives, although this relies upon the accuracy of the returns and the actual number of pregnancies may therefore be somewhat higher. Nevertheless, sperm banks frequently impose a lower limit on geographical numbers than some jurisdictions and may also limit the overall number of pregnancies permitted from a single donor.
The limitation on the number of children which a donor's sperm may give rise to is usually expressed in terms of 'families', on the expectation that children within the family are prohibited from sexual relations under incest laws. In effect, the term family means a "woman" and usually includes the donor's partner or ex-partner, so that multiple donations to the same woman are not counted in the limit. The limits usually apply within one jurisdiction, so that donor sperm may be used in other jurisdictions.
Where a woman has had a child by a particular donor, there is usually no limit on the number of subsequent pregnancies which that woman may have by that same donor. Despite laws limiting the number of offspring, some donors may produce substantial numbers  of children, particularly where they donate through different clinics, where sperm is onsold or is exported to different jurisdictions, and where countries or jurisdictions do not have a central register of donors.
Sperm agencies, in contrast to sperm banks, rarely impose or enforce limits on the number of children which may be produced by a single donor partly because they are not empowered to demand a report of a pregnancy from recipients and are rarely, if ever, able to guarantee that a female may have a subsequent sibling by the donor who was the biological father of her first or earlier children.
Where a female wishes to conceive additional children by sperm donation, she will often wish to use the same donor. Many sperm banks offer a service of storing sperm for future pregnancies, but few will otherwise guarantee that sperm from the original donor will be available. Sperm banks rarely impose limits on the numbers of second or subsequent siblings. Even where there are limits on the use of sperm by a particular donor to a defined number of families as in the UK the actual number of children produced from each donor will often be far greater.
Since , donor conceived people have been locating their biological siblings and even their donor through web services such as the Donor Sibling Registry as well as DNA testing services such as Ancestry. By using these services, donors can find offspring despite the fact that they may have donated anonymously. The majority of donors who donate through a sperm bank receive some form of payment, although this is rarely a significant amount.
Because of the requirement for the two-day abstinence period before donation, and geographical factors which usually require the donor to travel, it is not a viable way to earn a significant income.
Some private donors may seek remuneration although others donate for altruistic reasons. According to the EU Tissue Directive donors in EU may only receive compensation, which is strictly limited to making good the expenses and inconveniences related to the donation. A survey among sperm donors in Cryos International Sperm bank  showed that altruistic as well as financial motives were the main factors for becoming a donor. When the compensation was reduced to the previous level DKK again one year later in there was no effect either.
This led to the assumption that altruism is the main motive and that financial compensation is secondary. Equipment to collect, freeze and store sperm is available to the public notably through certain US outlets, and some donors process and store their own sperm which they then sell via the Internet.
Treatments with donor sperm are generally expensive and are seldom available free of charge through national health services. Sperm banks often package treatments into e. There is a market for vials of processed sperm and for various reasons a sperm bank may sell-on stocks of vials which it holds known as 'onselling'. Onselling enables a sperm bank to maximize the sale and disposal of sperm samples which it has processed. In the latter case, a sperm bank may sell on sperm from a particular donor for use in another jurisdiction after the number of pregnancies achieved from that donor has reached its national maximum.
Some believe that it is a human right for a person to know who their biological mother and father are, and thus it should be illegal to conceal this information in any way and at any time.
For donor conceived children who find out after a long period of secrecy, their main grief is usually not the fact that they are not the genetic child of the couple who have raised them, but the fact that the parent or parents have kept information from or lied to them, causing loss of trust.
The parents' decision-making process of telling the child is influenced by many intrapersonal factors such as personal confidence , interpersonal factors, as well as social and family life cycle factors. Parents of donors, who are the grandparents of donor offspring and may therefore be the oldest surviving progenitors, may regard the donated genetic contribution as a family asset, and may regard the donor conceived people as their grandchildren. A review came to the result that a minority of actual donors involved their partner in the decision-making process of becoming a donor.
It is considered common for donors to not tell their spouses that they are or have been sperm donors. Compared to mothers by natural conception, donor insemination mothers tend to show higher levels of disciplinary aggression. Some donor insemination parents become overly involved with their children.
Adolescents born through sperm donation to lesbian mothers have reported themselves to be academically successful, with active friendship networks, strong family bonds, and overall high ratings of well-being.
A systematic review came to the result that altruism and financial compensation are the main motivations to donate, and to a lesser degree procreation or genetic fatherhood and questions about the donor's own fertility.
Reluctance to donate may be caused by a sense of ownership and responsibility for the well-being of the offspring. In the UK, the National Gamete Donation Trust  is a charity which provides information, advice and support for people wishing to become egg, sperm or embryo donors.
The Trust runs a national helpline and online discussion list for donors to talk to each other. A review came to the result that one in three actual donors would like counselling to address certain implications of their donation, expecting that counselling could help them to give their decision some thought and to look at all the involved parties in the donation. A systematic review in came to the conclusion that the psychosocial needs and experiences of the donors, and their follow-up and counselling are largely neglected in studies on sperm donation.
Anonymous sperm donation occurs under the condition that recipients and offspring will never learn the identity of the donor. A non-anonymous donor, however, will disclose his identity to recipients. A donor who makes a non-anonymous sperm donation is termed a known donor , an open identity donor , or an identity release donor. Non-anonymous sperm donors are, to a substantially higher degree, driven by altruistic motives for their donations.
Even in the case of anonymous donation, some information about the donor may be released to recipients at the time of treatment. Limited donor information includes height, weight, eye, skin and hair colour. In Sweden, this is the extent of disclosed information. Several jurisdictions e. This is generally based on the principle that a child has a right to know his or her biological origins. In , a German court precedent was set based on a case brought by a year-old woman.
See Sperm donation laws by country. Another reason that recipients choose anonymous donors is concern about the role that the donor or the child may want the donor to play in the child's life.
Fifteen percent of actual donors considered offspring to be "their own children". Registries and DNA databases have been developed for this purpose.
Registries that help donor-conceived offspring identify half-siblings from other mothers also help avoid accidental incest in adulthood. Offspring of anonymous donors may often have the ability to obtain their biological father's donor number from the fertility clinic or sperm bank used for their birth.
They may then share their number on a registry. By finding shared donor numbers, offspring may find their genetic half-siblings. Improved DNA technology has brought into question the possibility of assuring a donor's anonymity. Different factors motivate individuals to seek sperm from outside their home state.
For example, some jurisdictions do not allow unmarried women to receive donor sperm. Jurisdictional regulatory choices as well as cultural factors that discourage sperm donation have also led to international fertility tourism and sperm markets.
When Sweden banned anonymous sperm donation in , the number of active sperm donors dropped from approximately to Some of this is also due to the fact that Denmark also allows single women to be inseminated.
After the United Kingdom ended anonymous sperm donation in , the numbers of sperm donors went up, reversing a three-year decline.
However, the HFEA does impose safeguards on the export of sperm, such as that it must be exported to fertility clinics only and that the result of any treatment must be traceable. Sperm banks impose their own limits on the number of pregnancies obtained from exported sperm. The sperm must have been processed, stored and quarantined in compliance with UK regulations. The donors have agreed to be identified when the children produced with their sperm reach the age of eighteen.
Korean Bioethics Law prohibits selling and buying of sperm between clinics, and each donor may only help giving rise to a child to one single couple. Canada prohibits payment for gamete donation beyond the reimbursement of expenses. The United States , which permits monetary compensation for sperm donors, has had an increase in sperm donors during the late s recession . This produces many ethical issues around the ideals of conventional parenting and has wider issues for society as a whole, including the issues of the role of men as parents, family support for children, and financial support for women with children.
As acceptance of sperm donation has generally increased, so has the level of questioning as to whether 'artificial' means of conception are necessary, and some donor children too, have been critical of the procedures which were taken to bring them into the world. However, while some donors may be willing to offer this as a method of impregnation, it has many critics and it also raises further legal and social challenges.
Some donor children grow up wishing to find out who their fathers were, but others may be wary of embarking on such a search since they fear they may find scores of half-siblings who have been produced from the same sperm donor.
One item of research has suggested that donor children have a greater likelihood of substance abuse , mental illness and criminal behavior when grown. Coming forward publicly with problems is difficult for donor-conceived people as these issues are very personal and a public statement may attract criticism. Additionally, it may upset their parents if they speak out. A website called Anonymous Us  has been set up where they can post details of their experiences anonymously, on which there are many accounts of problems.
There are a wide range of religious responses to sperm donation, with some religious thinkers entirely in support of the use of donor sperm for pregnancy, some who support its use under certain conditions, and some entirely against.
Catholicism officially opposes both the donation of sperm and the use of donor sperm on the basis that it compromises the sexual unity of the marital relationship and the idea "that the procreation of a human person be brought about as the fruit of the conjugal act specific to the love between spouses. Jewish thinkers hold a broad range of positions on sperm donation.
Some Jewish communities are totally against sperm donation from donors that are not the husbands of the recipient, while others have approved the use of donor insemination in some form, while liberal communities accept it entirely. The Southern Baptist Convention holds that sperm donation from a third party violates the marital bond. In , Professor William Pancoast of Philadelphia's Jefferson Medical College performed an insemination on the wife of a sterile Quaker merchant, which may be the first insemination procedure that resulted in the birth of a child.
Instead of taking the sperm from the husband, the professor chloroformed the woman, then let his medical students vote which one of among them was "best looking", with that elected one providing the sperm that was then syringed into her cervix.
As a result of this experiment, the merchant's wife gave birth to a son, who became the first known child by donor insemination.
The case was not revealed until , when a letter by Addison Davis Hard appeared in the American journal Medical World , highlighting the procedure.
Since then, a few doctors began to perform private donor insemination. Such procedures were regarded as intensely private, if not secret, by the parties involved. Records were usually not maintained so that donors could not be identified for paternity proceedings. Technology permitted the use of fresh sperm only, and it is thought that sperm largely came from the doctors and their male staff, although occasionally they would engage private donors who were able to donate on short notice on a regular basis.
In , Mary Barton and others published an article in the British Medical Journal on sperm donation. This clinic helped conceive 1, babies of which Mary Barton's husband, Bertold Weisner , probably fathered about
Our Story (sperm donation in solo mum families - single baby) Donor Conception Network
This delightful, beautifully illustrated book, aimed at children from yrs, explains in simple words and pictures how Mummy went to the clinic to get some help when she wanted to have a baby on her own. The book is written in the first person, from the child's perspective, and explains how a donor gave some of his seeds to help Mummy.
There is a simple explanation of how you need a seed from a man and an egg from a woman to make a baby but there is no reference to sex. It talks about how there are different ways to make a family and they come in all shapes and sizes. The book is designed as a simple starting point for women to begin sharing the family story with their child. For example, you can add the details of your treatment as you tell the story to give the full picture. If you have a known donor or have information about the donor you can introduce that into the story, if you wish.
In fact, my son picked it out when my dad was doing bedtime stories last week and my dad commented on what a lovely story it was. Skip to main content. Catalog All books and DVDs Books for children For solo mum families Our Story sperm donation in solo mum families - single baby Our Story sperm donation in solo mum families - single baby. All books and DVDs. Books for children. For solo mum families.
Add to cart.