Violent crimes act-Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act - Wikipedia

The legacy of the Violent Crime Control Act and Law Enforcement Act of , better known as the crime bill, has re-emerged in the national debate around criminal justice reform and public safety. It has been well-documented that these policies were failures. As part of that reform effort, a number of cities have pursued public health models and community-based strategies alongside innovative policing approaches. However, the effectiveness of those efforts has been and will continue to be muted because the machinery that the crime bill created and preserved has never stopped churning. The same funding streams that overwhelmingly support enforcement activities over proven preventative and restorative solutions continue to this day—albeit with tweaks around the edges.

Violent crimes act

Violent crimes act

Violent crimes act

Violent crimes act

Violent crimes act

This must be supported by an appropriate Youth Offending Team intervention, preferably with elements focussed on anti-knife crime education. The offence of causing GBH with intent carries a maximum penalty of life imprisonment. Section Whoever, by any means whatever, cause inundation or obstruction to the supply of water, which is a public utility, and if Penis clamping using rope instead act crime likely to endanger the other person or a thing aact to the other person, shall be punished with imprisonment not exceeding five years or fined not exceeding ten thousand Baht, or both. If such offence Violent crimes act committed in order to bring about a change in the Laws of the Country, to coerce the Government or to intimidate Violent crimes act public, the offender shall Violent crimes act punished with imprisonment not exceeding ten years and fined not exceeding twenty thousand Baht. Section Whoever, by any means whatever, to render a building, dock, public parking or mooring place for cars or vessel, buoy, structure, machinery, mechanical apparatus, electric wire or an equipment provided for the protection of persons or things from danger so as likely to cause danger to the other person, shall be punished with imprisonment not exceeding five years or fined not exceeding ten Violeny Baht, or both. Section Whoever, refusing to comply with the lawful requisition of the Public Prosecutor, official to conduct the cases or to inquiry official requiring oneself to forward of manage to be forwarded any property or document, to take the oath, to make the affirmation or to make the statement, shall be imprisoned not out of three months or fined not out of five hundred Baht, or both.

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Wire Fraud. Follow us on Twitter and Axt for Violent crimes act about legislation in Congress. Retrieved 10 November Nov 2, th Congress, — Ordered Reported A committee has voted to issue a report to the full chamber recommending that the bill be considered Volent. GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. Sign Up Get Alerts. The information on impeachment. A committee has voted to issue a report to the full chamber Violent crimes act that the bill be considered further. Weapon Use.

Violent crime covers a variety of offences — ranging from common assault to murder.

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  • A violent crime or crime of violence is a crime in which an offender or perpetrator uses or threatens to use force upon a victim.
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Thai law lawyer selection: the Thailand Penal or Criminal Code is the body of laws relating to crimes and offenses and the penalties for their commission in Thailand. Read the full translation of Thailand Criminal or Penal Code on samuiforsale Given on the 13th November, B. His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej has been graciously pleased to proclaim that:. Whereas it is expedient to revise the Criminal Law anew, because, since the promulgation of the Criminal Law in B.

Be it, therefore, enacted an Act by the King, by and with the advice and consent of the Assembly of the People's Representatives, as follows:. Section 2 This Act shall come into force as and from the day following the date of its publication in the Government Gazette. Section 5 Upon coming into force of the Criminal Code, in case of any law determines the punishment by referring to the punishment of the petty offences in the Criminal Law in B.

Section 6 Upon coming into force of the Criminal Code, in the matter of imprisonment in lieu of fined under any law, the provisions of the Criminal Code shall apply, regardless of whatever may have been provided by such and such law; but, as for the offences committed before the enforcement of the Criminal Code, the confinement shall not exceed one year for the punishment of one count, and two years for the punishment of several counts.

Section 8 Upon coming into force of the Criminal Code, whenever the provisions of any law refer to the Criminal Law in B. Countersigned by Field Marshal P. Pibulsongkarm President of the Council of Ministers. Section 2 A person shall be criminally punished only when the act done by such person is provided to be an offence and the punishment is defined by the law in force at the time of the doing of such act, and the punishment to be inflicted upon the offender shall be that provided by the law.

If, however, such person is still undergoing the punishment, the punishment shall forthwith terminate. But, in the case where it is final as follows:. Section 4 Whoever, committing an offence within the Kingdom, shall be punished according to law. The offence committed in any Thai vessel or airplane irrespective of any place of Thai vessel or airplane shall be deemed as being committed within the Kingdom.

Section 5 Whenever any offence is even partially committed within the Kingdom, or the consequence of the commission of which, as intended by the offender, occurs within the Kingdom, or by the nature of the commission of which, the consequence resulting therefrom should occur within the Kingdom, or it could be foreseen that the consequence would occur within the Kingdom, it shall be deemed that such offence is committed within the Kingdom.

Section 6 Any offence has been committed within the Kingdom, or has been deemed by this Code as being committed within the Kingdom, even though the act of a co-principal, a supporter or an instigator in the offence has been committed outside the Kingdom it shall be deemed that the principal, supporter or instigator has committed the offence within the Kingdom. Section 7 Whoever to commit the following offences outside the Kingdom shall be punished in the Kingdom, namely:.

Section 8 Whoever commits an offence outside the Kingdom shall be punished in the Kingdom; provided that, and, provided further that the offence committed be any of the following namely:. If such offence to be the offence specified as following shall be punished within the Kingdom namely:. Section 9 Thai Government official commits the offence as prescribed from Section to Section and from Section to Section outside the Kingdom shall be punished in the Kingdom.

Section 10 Whoever to do an act outside the Kingdom, which is an offence according to various Sections as specified in Section 7 2 and 3 , Section 8 and Section 9 shall not be punished again in the Kingdom for the doing of such act, if:. Section 11 Whoever commits an offence within the Kingdom, or commits an offence deemed by this Code as being committed within the Kingdom, and, if such person has suffered the punishment in whole or in part for such act according to the judgment of the foreign Court, the Court may inflict less punishment to any extent than that provided by the law for such offence, or may not inflict any punishment at all, by having regard to the punishment already suffered by such person.

In case of a person, committing an offence within the Kingdom, or committing an offence deemed by this Code as being committed within the Kingdom, has been prosecuted in the foreign Court at the request of the Thai Government, such person shall not be punished again in the Kingdom for such offence, if:.

Section 12 he measures of safety are applicable to any person only when there are provisions of law for their application, and the law to be applied shall be the law in force at the time when the Court passes judgment. Section 15 Whenever, according to the provisions of the law as provided afterwards, any punishment has been changed to be a measure of safety, and there is a judgment inflicting such punishment on any person, it shall be deemed that the inflicted punishment is also a measure of safety.

In the case mentioned in the first paragraph, if the punishment is not yet inflicted upon such person, or such person is still undergoing the punishment, the measure of safety shall be applied to such person further.

Section 16 Whenever the Court gives judgment to apply a measure of safety to any person, if it appears afterwards to the Court from the submission of such person himself, the legal representative or guardian of such person, or the Public Prosecutor that the circumstances concerning the application have changed from formerly. The Court may revoke or suspend temporarily the application of the measure of safety to such person, as it thinks fit.

Section 17 The provisions in Book 1 of this Code shall be applied in the case of offence according to the other laws also, provided that such laws will have been prescribed otherwise. The capital punishment and life imprisonment shall be not enforced to offender less than eighteen years of age. In case of offender less than eighteen years of age has committed the offence to be punished with death or imprisoned for life, the punishment, as aforesaid.

The rule and procedure of execution shall go according to regulation designated by Ministry of Justice by its publication in the Government Gazette. Section 20 All the offences as determined by the laws to be punished by both imprisonment and fine, if the Court deeming advisable will inflict the punishment of imprisonment only.

Section 21 In calculating the period of imprisonment, a day begun in imprisonment shall be included also and shall be counted for a whole day, irrespective of the number of hours.

If the period for calculation is determined in months, a month shall count for thirty days, and, if determined in years, it shall be calculated according to the official calendar. Liberation shall take place on the day following that on which the period of imprisonment terminates.

Section 22 The punishment of imprisonment shall begin in the day on which the judgment is passed. But, if the sentenced person is kept in custody prior to the judgment of the Court, the number of days in custody shall be deducted from the period of imprisonment according to the judgment, unless the judgment provides otherwise.

This shall not, however, affect the provisions of Section Section 23 Any person commits an offence punishable to be imprisoned, and in such case, the Court will inflict the punishment of imprisonment not exceed three months, if it does not appear that such person has received the punishment of imprisonment previously, or if it appears that such person has received the punishment of imprisonment previously but it is the punishment from the offence committed by negligence, or by a petty offence, the Court may inflict the punishment of confinement not out of three months on behalf of such punishment of imprisonment.

Section 24 Whoever to be under the detention shall be interned in the place for detaining designated by non-goal, police station, or the place superintending the inquiry official's alleged offender.

The Court may, if it thinks fit, order in the judgment to confine the offender in his own dwelling place or in the dwelling place of another person who consents to accept him, or in any other place where he may be confined so as to be suitable to his kind or condition.

If it appears to the Court that the confinement of the detained person in the place to confine according to paragraph 1 or paragraph 2 may cause a danger to such person or make the person depending or him for subsistence excessive trouble or there is other exceptional circumstance shows that it is not advisable to detain the detained person in the place as aforesaid, the Court will issue an order to detain the detained person in other place but not such person's dwelling-house with consent of owner or occupier of the premises.

In such case, the Court is empowered to designate any condition to detained any the condition to the detained person to practice, and if the owner or occupier of the premise as aforesaid consents, the Court may issue an order to appoint such person as controller and it shall be deemed that the appointed person is the government official according to this Code. Section 25 A person inflicted with the punishment of confinement in a determined place shall receive maintenance from such place.

But, subject to the regulations of the place, he is entitled to obtain food from outside at his own expense, to use his own clothes, to receive visitors for at least one hour in a day and to receive and send letters.

A person inflicted with the punishment of confinement must work according to the rules, regulations and discipline. Section 26 If the person punished by the confinement is confined in own dwelling place or in the dwelling place of the other person consenting to accept such person, such confined person is entitled to carry on own profession or occupation in the aforesaid place. Section 27 If doing the detained person under Section 23 has been detained, it appears to the Court itself or it appears to the Court according to the statement of Public Prosecutor or occupier of the premise for detention that:.

The Court may change the detention into imprisonment with the terms designated as the Court deems expedient, but it must be not out of the time designated by detention which the detained person must receive thenceforward.

Section 28 Any person has inflicted with the punishment of fine, such person must pay the money-mouth as determined by the judgment to the Court.

Section 29 If any person inflicted with the punishment of fine fails to pay the fine within thirty days as from the day on which the Court has passed judgment, the property of such person shall be seized to pay for the fine, or else such person shall be confined in lieu of fine.

The provisions in the second paragraph of Section 24 shall not apply to the confinement in lieu of fine. Section 30 In case of the detention on behalf of fine, it shall be taken hold of rate of two hundred Baht per one day, and irrespective of whether one offence or several offences, it is prohibited the detention in excess of one year period unless in case of the Court gives a judgment on fine as from eight ten thousands Baht upwards, the Court will issue an order to detain on behalf of fine as the period of time in excess of one year but not out of two years.

In calculation of period of the time the date beginning detention on behalf of fine shall be calculated together, and the full day shall be calculated without into consideration of hour amount.

In case of the fined person to be detained before the Court's trial, the day amount when one person to be detained shall be deducted from the fined money amount which is deemed the rate of two hundreds Baht per one day, unless such person is adjudged and inflicted both imprisonment and fine. In such ease, if the day amount, when one person to be detained, must be deducted from the time, when one person imprisoned, under Section 22, it shall be deducted before, the rest amount is deducted from fine.

When the fined person has been detained on behalf of fine to be due, that person shall be released on the date following the date terminated, if the fine has been paid plenary, one shall be released without delay. In hearing a petition according to the first paragraph, when the court has tried to money condition, past record, nature of the offence of the fined person, it is deemed advisable, the Court will issue an order to such person performing social service or public service on behalf of the fine, but all these, subject to probation officer, State's authority, State's work-unit, or Organization to have the object performing Social Service, public charity or public benefit consenting to take care of one.

If after that, it appears to the Court that the circumstance in respect of Social Service work or Public Interest Work of the fined person changed, the Court will change an order designated as deemed advisable.

In determination of period of the hour time on behalf of the fine according to paragraph 3, the provision of Section 30 shall be enforced mutatis mutandis and in case of the Court does not designate the fined person to work thenceforward, the said work must be within the period of two years as from the date beginning work designated by the Court.

On behalf of determination of hour time according to paragraph 3, President of the Supreme Court shall be empowered in issuing a judiciary government rule of Court of Justice determining an hour amount deemed as one clay-work for Social Service or Public Interest each kind as deemed advisable. In the period of Social Service or Public Interest on behalf of the fine, if the fined person does not desire to the said word thenceforward, it may be changed as the fine or detention on behalf of the fine.

In this case, the Court shall issue an order premising according to petition by deducting a workday amount from the fined money amount. Section 31 In case of the Court shall pass judgment inflicting the punishment of fine on several offenders for the same offence and in the same case, the Court shall inflict the punishment of fine on every individual offender. Section 32 Any property is prescribed by the law that any person makes or processes to be an offence, such property shall be forfeited wholly, irrespective of whether it belongs to the offender and there is the person inflicted with the punishment according to judgment or not.

Section 33 For the forfeiture of a property, the Court shall, besides having the power to forfeit under the law as specially provided for that purpose, have the power to forfeit the following properties also, namely:.

Unless such property belongs to the other person who does not connive at the commission of the offence. Section 35 The properties forfeited by the Court's judgment shall be vested in the State, the Court may give judgment such properties to be rendered useless, or to be destroyed.

But the submission of the real owner shall be made to the Court within one year reckoning from the day of the final judgment. Section 37 If the person who is ordered by the Court to deliver the forfeited property does not deliver it within the time determined by the Court, the Court shall have the power to give order as follows:. Section 40 The relegation is to superintend the habitual offender within the specified area for preventing such offender from committing the offence, for reforming one's character, and for training one's occupation.

Section 41 Any person who has been sentenced to relegation, or has been sentenced to imprisonment of not less than six months for not less than twice, for the following offences:. The offence committed by an offender at the time when such offender is not yet over seventeen years of age shall not be deemed as an offence to be taken into consideration for relegation according to this Section. Section 42 In calculating the period of relegation, the day of passing judgment by the Court shall count as the day on which relegation begins, but if there is still the punishment of imprisonment or confinement of be undergone by the relegated person, such relegated person shall be imprisoned or confined first, and the day following that on which liberation from imprisonment or confinement takes place shall count as the day on which relegation begins.

Regarding the period of relegation and the liberation of the relegated person, the provisions of Section 21 shall apply mutatis mutandis. Section 43 To prosecute for relegation shall be made as the exclusive power of Public Prosecutor, and such relegation prosecution may be requested together with the case-prosecution to be empowered to prosecute the relegation or such relegation-prosecution may be made afterwards.

Section 44 Prohibition to enter a specified area is the prohibition to enter a locality or place specified in the judgment. Section 45 When any person is given judgment inflicting punishment by the Court, and the Court deems expedient to public safety, the Court may, whether there is a request or not, issue the order in that judgment that when such person has passed over the punishment according to the judgment, such person shall be prohibited to enter the specified area for the period not out of five years.

Section 46 If it appears to the Court, by the submission of the Public Prosecutor, that any person is likely to cause danger to another person or to the property belonging to another person, or if, in the trial of any case, the Court will not convict the prosecuted person, but there is reason to believe that the prosecuted person is likely to cause danger to another person or to the property belonging to another person, the Court shall have the power to order such person to execute a bond in a sum of money not exceeding five thousand Baht, with or without security, for keeping the peace during such period as determined by the Court, but not exceeding two years.

The acts of a child not over seventeen years of age shall not be subject to the provisions of this Section. Section 47 If the person making a bond according to Section 46 breaks such bond, the Court shall be empowered to order the person to pay the money not out of the amount determined in the bond.

If such person does not pay, the provisions of Section 29 and Section 30 shall be enforced. This order may, however, be revoked at any time by the Court. Section 49 In case of the Court passes the judgment inflicting the punishment of imprisonment on any person, or passes judgment that any person is guilty, but the determination of punishment or the infliction of punishment is suspended, the Court may, if it is of opinion that such person has committed the offence owing to habitual drunkenness or harmful habit forming drug addiction, determine in the judgment that such person shall not take liquor or harmful habit forming drug, or both of them within a period not exceeding two years as from the day of passing over the punishment, or the day of liberation on account of the suspension of the determination of punishment or the infliction of punishment.

In case of the person mentioned in the first paragraph fails to comply with what is determined by the Court, the Court may give order to send such person to be put under restraint in an institution of treatment for a period of not exceeding two years. Section 50 When any person is given judgment inflicting punishment by the Court, and if the Court deems that the offence committed by such person taking the opportunity of carrying on own occupation or profession, and deems that such offence will be committed again by such person if such person carries on own occupation or profession further, the Court may issue an order in the judgment prohibiting such person to carry on own occupation or profession for a period not out of five years as from the date of passing over the punishment.

Section 51 In increasing the punishment, it shall not be increased up to the punishment of death, imprisonment for life or imprisonment exceeding fifty years. Section 52 In reducing the punishment of death, whether it be the reduction in the scale of punishment or in the punishment to be inflicted, it shall be reduced as follows:.

If the reduction be by one-third, the punishment shall be reduced to imprisonment for life; If the reduction be by one-half, the punishment shall be reduced to imprisonment for life or imprisonment of twenty-five to fifty years.

Section 53 In having life imprisonment reduced, whether the punishment will be reduced in the punishment scale or in the inflicted punishment, the life imprisonment shall be transferred as five year imprisonment. Section 54 In calculating the increase or reduction of the punishment to be inflicted, the Court shall determine the punishment to be inflicted upon the accused first, and then the punishment shall be increased or reduced. If there are both increase and reduction of the punishment to be inflicted, the punishment shall be increased first and the reduced from the result of the addition.

Section 55 If the imprisonment, of which the offender must be inflicted, is only for three months or less, the less imprisonment may be determined by the Court or if the offender to be inflicted by imprisonment is only for three months or less, and to have the fine also, the less imprisonment may be determined by the Court, or such imprisonment may be repealed and only fine may still be made. Regarding the conditions determined by the Court according to the foregoing paragraph, if, afterwards, it appears to the Court from the submission of the offender, the legal representative or guardian of such person, the Public Prosecutor or the official that the circumstances relating to the control of the behavior of the offender have changed, the Court may, if it thinks fit, modify, supplement or revoke any of the conditions, or may determine in addition any of the conditions as mentioned in the foregoing paragraph which is not yet determined.

Section 57 When it is appeared to the Court itself, or it is appeared from the statement of the Public Prosecutor or the official that the offender does not comply with the conditions as determined by the Court according to Section 56, the offender may be admonished by the Court, or the punishment which is not yet determined by the Court, or the suspended punishment may be inflicted.

A committee has voted to issue a report to the full chamber recommending that the bill be considered further. About the bill Source: Wikipedia. The Act contributed to the mass incarceration and prison overcrowding. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Criminal Law.

Violent crimes act

Violent crimes act

Violent crimes act

Violent crimes act

Violent crimes act

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Thailand Penal Code Thai Criminal law

Following the California Street shooting , the Waco Siege , and other high-profile instances of violent crime , the Act expanded federal law in several ways. Other parts of the Act provided for a greatly expanded federal death penalty , new classes of individuals banned from possessing firearms, and a variety of new crimes defined in statutes relating to immigration law , hate crimes , sex crimes , and gang -related crime.

The bill also required states to establish registries for sexual offenders by September The list of such features included telescoping or folding stocks, pistol grips , flash suppressors , grenade launchers , and bayonet lugs. The ban took effect September 13, and expired on September 13, by a sunset provision. Title VI, the Federal Death Penalty Act, created 60 new death penalty offenses under 41 federal capital statutes, [3] for crimes related to acts of terrorism , murder of a federal law enforcement officer, civil rights -related murders, drive-by shootings resulting in death, the use of weapons of mass destruction resulting in death, and carjackings resulting in death.

The Oklahoma City bombing occurred a few months after this law came into effect, and the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of was passed in response, which further increased the federal death penalty. In , Timothy McVeigh was executed for the murder of eight federal law enforcement agents under that title.

The amendment is as follows:. There is growing advocacy for reinstating Pell Grant funding for all prisoners who would qualify despite their incarceration status. At the executive level, the Obama administration backed a program under development at the Department of Education to allow for a limited lifting of the ban for some prisoners, called the Second Chance Pell Pilot. In the decades since the VCCLEA's enactment, there is little indication that removing prisoners from Pell eligibility has produced tangible benefits; on the contrary, among other unfavorable outcomes, disqualifying prisoners may reduce public safety and exact severe social and financial costs.

VAWA was renewed in , , and This includes:. Morrison The COPS Office also funds the research and development of guides, tools and training, and provides technical assistance to police departments implementing community policing principles. The Act authorized the initiation of " boot camps " for delinquent minors and allocated a substantial amount of money to build new prisons.

Fifty new federal offenses were added, including provisions making membership in gangs a crime. Some argued [ citation needed ] that these provisions violated the guarantee of freedom of association in the Bill of Rights. The Act did incorporate elements of H. The Act also generally prohibits individuals who have been convicted of a felony involving breach of trust from working in the business of insurance, unless they have received written consent from state regulators.

The Act also made drug testing mandatory for those serving on federal supervised release. The Act prohibits "any person acting on behalf of a governmental authority, to engage in a pattern or practice Subtitle D further requires the United States Department of Justice to issue an annual report on "the use of excessive force by law enforcement officers.

The Act included a three-strikes provision addressing repeat offenders. The Act expanded the scope of required FBI data to include hate crimes based on disability , and the FBI began collecting data on disability bias crimes on January 1, The Act contributed to the mass incarceration and prison overcrowding.

The legal system relied on plea bargains to minimize the increased case load. It should also be noted that as a result of the aforementioned increase in incarceration, a disproportionate amount of minorities ended up within the American prison system. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Federal law. Introduced in the House as H. Main article: Federal Assault Weapons Ban.

Main article: Violence Against Women Act. See also: Domestic violence in the United States. National criminal justice reference service. In Carter, Gregg Lee ed. Santa Barbara, Calif.

Office of the United States Attorneys. Department of Justice. Retrieved 17 May Bard Prison Initiative. Archived from the original PDF on November 27, Department of Education. Retrieved University of Massachusetts Law Review. August 25, Wall Street Journal. Community Oriented Policing Services.

New York: New Press. Retrieved 9 September Politico Magazine : 2. Retrieved June 2, The New Yorker. Retrieved 10 November Archived from the original PDF on Retrieved 10 December VICE news. June 20, Hidden categories: Articles with short description All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from January Namespaces Article Talk.

Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikiquote. Languages Add links. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Concealed carry in the U. Gun laws in the U. High-capacity magazine ban History of concealed carry in the U.

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Violent crimes act

Violent crimes act