The music of Latin America refers to music originating from Latin America , namely the Romance -speaking countries and territories of the Americas and the Caribbean south of the United States. During the 20th century, many styles were influenced by the music of the United States giving rise to genres such as Latin pop , rock , jazz , hip hop , and reggaeton. Geographically, it usually refers to the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking regions of Latin America,  but sometimes includes Francophone countries and territories of the Caribbean and South America as well. It also encompasses Latin American styles that have originated in the United States such as salsa and Tejano. The tango is perhaps Argentina's best-known musical genre, famous worldwide.
Congas usually come in sets of two, with each drum tuned to a different pitch. Los Kjarkas played a pivotal role in this fusion. Funk carioca is also a highly popular style. Other popular music includes marimbaLatino music instruments, son nicafolk music, merenguebachata and salsa. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. Music from non-Latin parts of Latino music instruments Caribbean are also popular throughout Latin America, especially Jamaican reggae and musiTrinidadian mksiccalypso music and soca. Latin American music is particularly characterized by its prominent use of percussion instruments. They emerged from the migration processes and historical exchanges between indigenous, European and African. Currently, Reggaeton is very popular in modern Mexico.
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Although they are distinctly Latin American, maracas have become popular around the world as back-up percussion instruments. Congas usually come in sets of two, with each drum tuned to a different pitch. Main article: Music of Guatemala. Main article: Music of French Guiana. They always come in pairs and are made up of a handle topped with a hollowed-out shell filled with dried seeds. Check out these other Puerto Rican Culture articles. Iced Chillout Lounge Loops and Samples. This Latin Instrument set includes piano, guitar, upright bass, electric bass, flute, and sax. The Latino music instruments part of the country makes heavy use of the harpLatino music instruments of the son arocho style. October The country's ancient capital of Comayagua is an Latino music instruments center for modern Honduran music, and is home to the College for Fine Arts. The type of ancient Mesoamerican music that is best-documented is the ritual music of the courts primarily Aztec and Mayan. Eastern Chillout Loops. Parranda, trulla, asalto… all these Spanish words are synonyms for the same thing in Puerto Rico: a group of people that College scholarships us asian pre-law up at a house the night singing traditional Christmas songs and having a party. Los Kjarkas played a pivotal role in this fusion.
Latin American and Latino musicians and their traditions have made indelible marks in the musical cultures of the United States.
- The music of Latin America refers to music originating from Latin America , namely the Romance -speaking countries and territories of the Americas and the Caribbean south of the United States.
- Parranda, trulla, asalto… all these Spanish words are synonyms for the same thing in Puerto Rico: a group of people that show up at a house the night singing traditional Christmas songs and having a party.
- From salsa and meringue to mambo and samba, rhythm is an essential part of nearly all Latin American music.
The music of Latin America refers to music originating from Latin America , namely the Romance -speaking countries and territories of the Americas and the Caribbean south of the United States. During the 20th century, many styles were influenced by the music of the United States giving rise to genres such as Latin pop , rock , jazz , hip hop , and reggaeton.
Geographically, it usually refers to the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking regions of Latin America,  but sometimes includes Francophone countries and territories of the Caribbean and South America as well. It also encompasses Latin American styles that have originated in the United States such as salsa and Tejano. The tango is perhaps Argentina's best-known musical genre, famous worldwide. Modern rhythms include Cuarteto music from the Cordoba Province and Electrotango.
The movement was known as the "Argentine Wave. Los Kjarkas played a pivotal role in this fusion. Cumbia is another popular genre. There are also lesser-known regional forms, such as the music from Santa Cruz and Tarija where styles such as Cueca and Chacarera are popular. Lambada is influenced by rhythms like cumbia and merengue. Funk carioca is also a highly popular style. Music from Chilean Polynesia , Rapa Nui music, is derived from Polynesian culture rather than colonial society or European influences.
The music of Costa Rica is represented by musical expressions as parrandera, the Tambito, waltz, bolero, gang, calypso, chiquichiqui, mento the run and callera. They emerged from the migration processes and historical exchanges between indigenous, European and African. Typical instruments are the quijongo, marimba, ocarinas, low drawer, the Sabak, reed flutes, accordion, mandolin and guitar. Cuba has produced many musical genres, and a number of musicians in a variety of styles. Colombian music can be divided into four musical zones: the Atlantic coast, the Pacific coast, the Andean region and Los Llanos.
Colombian Andean has been strongly influenced by Spanish rhythms and instruments, and differs noticeably from the indigenous music of Peru or Bolivia. Typical forms include the bambuco , pasillo guabina and torbellino , played with pianos and string instruments such as the tiple guitarra. It has much in common with the music of the Venezuelan Llanos.
The latter is based on European accordion music. Merengue music is heard as well. Bachata, merengue and salsa are now equally popular among Spanish-speaking Caribbean people. When the Spanish conquistadors sailed across the Atlantic they brought with them a type of music known as hesparo , which contributed to the development of Dominican music.
Traditional Ecuadorian music can be classified as mestizo, Indian and Afro-Ecuadorian music. Mestizo music evolved from the interrelation between Spanish and Indian music. It has rhythms such as pasacalles , pasillos , albazos and sanjuanitos , and is usually played by stringed instruments. There are also regional variations: coastal styles, such as vals similar to Vals Peruano Waltz and montubio music from the coastal hill country.
Indian music in Ecuador is determined in varying degrees by the influence of quichua culture. Within it are sanjuanitos different from the meztizo sanjuanito , capishkas , danzantes and yaravis. Black Ecuadorian music can be classified into two main forms. The first type is black music from the coastal Esmeraldas province, and is characterized by the marimba.
Like other Latin American countries, Ecuadorian music includes local exponents of international styles: from opera, salsa and rock to cumbia, thrash metal and jazz. Salvadoran music may be compared with the Colombian style of music known as cumbia. Popular styles in modern El Salvador in addition to cumbia are salsa , Bachata and Reggaeton. In the s, for example, it was decreed that a dance called "Xuc" was to be the "national dance" which was created and led by Paquito Palaviccini's and his Orquestra Internacional Polio ".
Salvadorian music has a musical style influenced by Mayan music played on the El Salvador-Guatemala border, in Chalatenango. Another popular style of music not native to El Salvador is known as Punta , a Belizean, Guatemalan and Honduran style.
Haitian music combines a wide range of influences drawn from the many people who have settled on this Caribbean island. It reflects French, African rhythms, Spanish elements and others who have inhabited the island of Hispaniola and minor native Taino influences.
According to Jean Fouchard, mereng evolved from the fusion of slave music genres such as the chica and calenda with ballroom forms related to the French-Haitian contredanse kontradans in creole. Mereng's name, he says, derives from the mouringue music of the Bara, a Bantu people of Madagascar. It is commonly spelled as it is pronounced as kompa. The music of Honduras varies from Punta the local genre of the Garifunas to Caribbean music such as salsa , merengue , reggae and reggaeton all widely heard, especially in the north.
Mexican ranchera music has a large following in the rural interior of the country. The country's ancient capital of Comayagua is an important center for modern Honduran music, and is home to the College for Fine Arts. Each of its 31 states, its capital city and each of Mexico City's boroughs claim unique styles of music. Although commonly misportrayed as buskers , mariachis musicians play extremely technical, structured music or blends such as jarabe.
Ranchera , Mexico's country music, differs from mariachi in that it is less technical and its lyrics are not sung in prose. There is also music based on sounds made by dancing such as the zapateada. The eastern part of the country makes heavy use of the harp , typical of the son arocho style. The music in southern Mexico is particularly represented by its use of the marimba , which has its origins in the Soconusco region between Mexico and Guatemala.
Salsa music has also played an important role in Mexican music shown by Sonora Santanera. Currently, Reggaeton is very popular in modern Mexico. Other popular music includes marimba , folklore, son nica , folk music, merengue , bachata and salsa. The music of Panama is the result of the mestizaje, It has occurred during the last five hundred years between the Iberian traditions, especially those of Andalusia, American Indians and those of West Africa.
Paraguayan music depends largely upon two instruments: the guitar and the harp, which were brought by the conquistadors and found their own voices in the country. Peruvian music is made up of indigenous, Spanish and West African influences. Amerindian music varies according to region and ethnicity. The best-known Amerindian style is the huayno also popular in Bolivia , played on instruments such as the charango and guitar. Mestizo music is varied and includes popular valses and marinera from the northern coast.
The heart of much Puerto Rican music is the idea of improvisation in both the music and the lyrics. A performance takes on an added dimension when the audience can anticipate the response of one performer to a difficult passage of music or clever lyrics created by another.
Of all Puerto Rico 's musical exports, the best-known is reggaeton. It is a form of urban contemporary music, often combining other Latin musical styles, Caribbean and West Indies music, such as reggae, soca , Spanish reggae, salsa, merengue and bachata.
The lyrics of the song can be rapped or sung, or used combining both styles, as well as danced in both styles. Aguinaldo from Puerto Rico is similar to Christmas carols, except that they are usually sung in a parranda, which is rather like a lively parade that moves from house to house in a neighborhood, looking for holiday food and drink.
Danza is a very sophisticated form of music that can be extremely varied in its expression; they can be either romantic or festive. Romantic danzas have four sections, beginning with an eight measure paseo followed by three themes of sixteen measures each. The third theme typically includes a solo by the bombardino and, often, a return to the first theme or a coda at the end.
Festive danzas are free-form, with the only rules being an introduction and a swift rhythm. Plena is a narrative song from the coastal regions of Puerto Rico, especially around Ponce, Puerto Rico. As rural farmers moved to San Juan, Puerto Rico and other cities, they brought plena with them and eventually added horns and improvised call and response vocals. Lyrics generally deal with stories or current events, though some are light-hearted or humorous.
Uruguayan music has similar roots to that of Argentina. Uruguayan tango and milonga are both popular styles, and folk music from along the River Plate is indistinguishable from its Argentine counterpart. Uruguay rock and cancion popular Uruguayan versions of rock and pop music are popular local forms. Candombe , a style of drumming descended from African slaves in the area, is quintessentially Uruguayan although it is played to a lesser extent in Argentina.
Based on Cuban music especially Cuban son and son montuno in rhythm, tempo, bass line, riffs and instrumentation, Salsa represents an amalgamation of musical styles including rock, jazz, and other Latin American and Puerto Rican musical traditions. Modern salsa as it became known worldwide was forged in the pan-Latin melting pot of New York City in the late s and early s. Latin trap has become famous around It has influences of American trap and reggaeton music.
It is influenced by hip hop and Latin American and Caribbean music. Vocals include rapping and singing, typically in Spanish. The Latin or romantic ballad is a Latin musical genre which originated in the s.
This ballad is very popular in Hispanic America and Spain, and is characterized by a sensitive rhythm. A descendant of the bolero , it has several variants such as salsa and cumbia.
Imported styles of popular music with a distinctively Latin flavor include Latin jazz , Argentine and Chilean rock and Cuban and Mexican hip hop , all influenced by styles from the United States jazz , rock and roll and hip hop. Music from non-Latin parts of the Caribbean are also popular throughout Latin America, especially Jamaican reggae and dub , Trinidadian chutney , calypso music and soca.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Collective term for the dances, rhythms and styles of music from Latin America. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
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During the 20th century, many styles were influenced by the music of the United States giving rise to genres such as Latin pop , rock , jazz , hip hop , and reggaeton. There are also lesser-known regional forms, such as the music from Santa Cruz and Tarija where styles such as Cueca and Chacarera are popular. The drums and Percussion in this demo are available as a separate package. This article surveys religious, folk, and art informally, classical music through time and over the hemisphere. Article Media.
Latino music instruments. Pre-Columbian patterns
Although the indigenous cultures used numerous percussion and wind instruments , stringed instruments arrived with the colonists. The rich Iberian tradition of stringed instruments— guitar and guitarlike instruments, lute , mandolin , harp , and violin —spread rapidly through all of Latin America.
Yet in practice these instruments respond to different aesthetic outlooks. In the Andean area, for example, the common charango is a lutelike or guitarlike instrument of five courses of multiple strings, frequently with a body made of an armadillo shell; it sounds quite differently among Indians, who use thin metal strings, and mestizos, who use nylon strings.
The Spanish classical guitar and the Portuguese viola a guitarlike instrument with five courses of double strings, as a rule have become the characteristic folk instruments of Hispanic America and Brazil , respectively.
The berimbau , a type of musical bow , probably of African origin, became the foundation of music for the Brazilian capoeira. As mentioned above, Indian cultures throughout Latin America created numerous wind instruments , many of them flutes. Whistles and ocarinas are also found throughout Latin America. Military-style brass bands became popular in the 19th century and developed into the common town band banda del pueblo used for civic occasions.
Latin American music is particularly characterized by its prominent use of percussion instruments. Each of the major traditions contributed percussion instruments that remained in common use. The indigenous cultures had slit drums , single-headed small drums, cup-shaped ceramic drums, double-headed drums e. Instruments of African derivation constitute the largest group of percussion instruments in Latin American use. Conga-type drums cone-shaped and barrel-shaped drums are found with regional names in Haiti , the Dominican Republic , Puerto Rico , Venezuela , Colombia , Peru , and Brazil.
Other typical drums include certain friction drums used in various folk and popular dance genres e. Many other percussion instruments are also of African origin. These join with bells , stamping tubes, wood blocks, claves hardwood sticks struck together , and various types of rattles to form part of numerous ensembles.
The marimba of southern Mexico , Guatemala , and other Central American countries, as well as the Pacific coastal region of Colombia, is of African origin and fulfills a solo or accompaniment function in specific local genres.
The pipe and tabor combination in indigenous music making frequently consists of a large European type of bass drum and a small flute of Indian derivation. Latin American music. Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Introduction History Pre-Columbian patterns Colonial period — Early European influences Early influences on folk music Art music in the national period —present The 19th century The early 20th century The late 20th century and beyond Folk and popular music Regional styles and genres Characteristic instruments.
Load Previous Page. Characteristic instruments Although the indigenous cultures used numerous percussion and wind instruments , stringed instruments arrived with the colonists. Mexico , country of southern North America and the third largest country in Latin America, after Brazil and Argentina. Mexican society is characterized by extremes of wealth and poverty, with a limited middle class wedged between an elite cadre of landowners and investors on the one hand and masses of rural….
Geologists and physical geographers sometimes extend the northern boundary to the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in Mexico. It is the southern portion of the landmass generally referred to as the New World, the Western Hemisphere, or simply the Americas.
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