Such practices have been rejected by every mainstream medical and mental health organization for decades, but due to continuing discrimination and societal bias against LGBTQ people, some practitioners continue to conduct conversion therapy. Minors are especially vulnerable, and conversion therapy can lead to depression, anxiety, drug use, homelessness, and suicide. Seven of these state laws were enacted under Republican governors. A growing number of municipalities have also enacted similar protections, including at least fifty cities and counties in Arizona, Florida, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Washington and Wisconsin. In April , national organizations representing millions of licensed medical and mental health care professionals, educators, and child welfare advocates declared their support for legislative protections against conversion therapy.
It is extremely important that therapists, gays, lesbians, parents, and the rest of the public gain an understanding of the effectiveness of conversion therapies. Change is possible. Growing up in a conservative community in Guernsey, she joined a charismatic evangelical youth group called the God Squad in her teenage years. United States Surgeon General David Satcher in issued a report stating that Homosexual reparative therapy statistics success is no valid scientific evidence that sexual orientation can be changed". Visit Source Website Throckmorton, W. Retrospective self-reports of changes in homosexual orientation: A consumer survey of conversion therapy clients. Typically, over a 15 year interval, the popularity of each therapy increases, levels out, and then sinks into oblivion, sometimes leaving Zozie spanking trail of dead bodies and accused parents falsely accused of child abuse. March Archived from the original on October 1, InAmerican Psychological Association stated that it "encourages mental health professionals to avoid misrepresenting the efficacy of sexual orientation change efforts by promoting or promising change in Homosexual reparative therapy statistics success orientation when providing assistance to individuals distressed by their own or others' sexual orientation and concludes that the benefits reported by participants in sexual orientation change efforts can be gained through approaches that do not attempt to change sexual orientation".
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Pattison and M. Striped walkway 13 July — via Google Books. If he has beaten it in four months, he should write a book about how he did it. One true religion? Sponsored link:. Retrieved 26 December sttistics BBC News. Not true, it is the opposite. Retrieved 11 July Ina task force of the American Psychological Association undertook a thorough review of the existing research on the efficacy of conversion therapy. Overview of studies Homosexual reparative therapy statistics success conversion therapy. Retrieved March 9, Homosexuality is highly correlated to etatistics activities and culture.
Conversion therapy is the pseudoscientific practice of trying to change an individual's sexual orientation from homosexual or bisexual to heterosexual using psychological or spiritual interventions.
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- Conversion therapy is the pseudoscientific practice of trying to change an individual's sexual orientation from homosexual or bisexual to heterosexual using psychological or spiritual interventions.
Overview: We identified 47 peer-reviewed studies that that met our criteria for adding to knowledge about whether conversion therapy CT can alter sexual orientation without causing harm. Thirteen of those studies included primary research. Only one study concluded that sexual orientation change efforts could succeed—although only in a minority of its participants, and the study has several limitations: its entire sample self-identified as religious and it is based on self-reports, which can be biased and unreliable.
The remaining 34 studies do not make an empirical determination about whether CT can alter sexual orientation but may offer useful observations to help guide practitioners who treat LGB patients. All of the studies we identified rely on self-reports, and those who wish to change their sexual orientation enough to seek therapeutic intervention may be inclined toward a bias in assessing or reporting their own attractions. Many researchers sympathetic to conversion therapy do not actually assess changes in sexual orientation or arousal patterns, but in behavior, which is not a true gauge of orientation.
Some researchers found success in depressing same-sex arousal—often with the use of severe techniques—but often that did not translate into increased heterosexual arousal or ability to sustain a satisfying opposite-sex sexual relationship. Such limitations do not mean there is no useful research on conversion therapy.
Additionally, a direct examination of the research may help visitors to this site assess for themselves how persuasive claims are that sexual orientation can be changed. However, after reviewing the research, we concluded that there is no credible evidence that sexual orientation can be changed through therapeutic intervention.
Taken together, the overwhelming consensus among psychologists and psychiatrists who have studied conversion therapy or treated patients who are struggling with their sexual orientation is that therapeutic intervention cannot change sexual orientation, a position echoed by all major professional organizations in the field, including the American Psychological Association whose substantial report is available here. Click here for a printer-friendly PDF of this overview report.
Visit Source Website Beckstead, A. The Counseling Psychologist, 32 5 , Perspectives were gathered of 50 Mormon individuals who had undergone counseling to change their sexual orientation. Based on these descriptions, this study provides the foundation for a broader-based treatment approach besides one focused solely on changing sexual orientation or adopting a lesbian, gay, or bisexual identity , which is designed to produce individualized congruent solutions for religiously conflicted, same-sex-attracted clients.
Visit Source Website Borowich, A. Failed reparative therapy of orthodox Jewish homosexuals. Abstract: The author is an Orthodox Jewish psychiatrist who, at the time of this presentation, had spent thirty-six years in the general practice of psychiatry, primarily among the broad spectrum of Orthodox Jewish patients.
As a part of this general practice, the author encountered a number of Orthodox patients with homosexual attractions who desired to change their orientation.
The author describes several long-term cases in which he treated Orthodox Jewish patients who wished to be rid of their homosexual feelings and attractions. However, that movement was not unidirectional. In contrast to the men, the author found it virtually impossible to achieve significant movement toward heterosexuality with homosexual women. In those cases, sexual reorientation happened as a result of organic change as a part of a successful therapy for mutually agreed emotional problems.
Visit Source Website Dehlin, J. Sexual orientation change efforts among current or former LDS church members. Journal of Counseling Psychology. Advance online publication. Data were obtained through a comprehensive online survey from both quantitative items and open-ended written responses. Developmental factors associated with attempts at sexual orientation change included higher levels of early religious orthodoxy for all and less supportive families and communities for men only.
Visit Source Website Fjelstrom, J. Sexual orientation change efforts and the search for authenticity. Journal of Homosexuality, 60 6 , This article is based on structured interviews of a sample of 15 former participants in sexual orientation change efforts SOCE , who currently identify as gay or lesbian.
Visit Source Website Flentje, A. Sexual reorientation therapy interventions: perspectives of ex-ex-gay individuals. Participants were 38 individuals who had gone through at least one episode of reorientation therapy and later reclaimed a LGB identity total episodes. Some participants recounted practices that are inconsistent with the ethical guidelines for mental health professionals.
Implications for policy and practice are discussed. Visit Source Website Haldeman, D. Therapeutic antidotes: Helping gay and bisexual men recover from conversion therapy. Studies of sexual orientation conversion therapies have focused on the efficacy, or lack thereof, of treatments designed to change sexual orientation. This article identifies the various problems commonly presented by patients following an unsuccessful therapeutic attempt to change sexual orientation.
Such problems include poor self-esteem and depression, social withdrawal, and sexual dysfunction. Case material illustrates these concerns, and therapeutic approaches to address them are suggested.
Directions for future study are identified. Visit Source Website Jones, M. Predictors of psychotherapeutic benefit of lesbian, gay, and bisexual clients: the effects of sexual orientation matching and other factors.
Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 40 4 , Predictors of the level of benefit derived from nearly 2, psychotherapy episodes reported by a nationwide, nonprobability sample of lesbian, gay, and bisexual clients were analyzed using ordinary least squares regression, corrected by generalized-estimating-equation GEE procedures for lack of independence in the data.
Negative predictors include having a therapist who is an analyst, who uses reparative therapy, or who violates sexual boundaries. Visit Source Website Maccio, E. Self-reported sexual orientation and identity before and after sexual reorientation therapy. Researchers disagree on whether sexual reorientation i. Much of the recent research relies on participants from a particular religious denomination or from SRT organizations. This study recruited participants from SRT organizations and from gay-affirming ones.
In this cross-sectional study, 37 former SRT participants reported no statistically significant differences in sexual orientation and sexual identity from before SRT participation to the time of their participation in this study.
Practitioners with clients struggling with their sexual orientation or identity must be informed of SRT alternatives, including person-centered and gay-affirmative approaches. Visit Source Website Schroeder, M. Ethical issues in sexual orientation conversion therapies: An empirical study of consumers.
This study uses interviews with consumers of sexual orientation conversion therapies to identify critical incidents of poor practice and ethical violations. We found that some licensed conversion therapists may be practicing in a manner inconsistent with the APA Ethics Code, similar professional codes, and recent guidelines on treatment of lesbians and gay men. Areas of ethical violations identified include: informed consent, confidentiality, coercion, pre-termination counseling, and provision of referrals after treatment failure.
Visit Source Website Shidlo, A. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 33 3 , What motivates individuals to pursue conversion therapy and ex-gay groups? How do they perceive its harmfulness and helpfulness? In this study, consumers of sexual orientation conversion interventions were interviewed to answer these questions.
A minority reported feeling helped, although not necessarily with their original goal of changing sexual orientation. A developmental model that describes the various pathways of individuals who attempt to change their sexual orientation is presented.
Visit Source Website Smith, G. Treatments of homosexuality in Britain since —an oral history: The experience of patients. British Medical Journal, , Objectives: To investigate the circumstances since the s in which people who were attracted to members of the same sex received treatments to change their sexual orientation, the referral pathway and the process of therapy, and its aftermath. Participants: 29 people who had received treatments to change their sexual orientation in the United Kingdom and two relatives of former patients.
Conclusion: The definition of same sex attraction as an illness and the development of treatments to eradicate such attraction have had a negative long term impact on individuals. Visit Source Website Weiss, E. A qualitative study of ex-gay and ex-ex-gay experiences. Some individuals attempt to change their sexual orientation to resolve conflict between sexual orientation and religious belief. The psychological and social experiences of individuals attempting such change are not well documented scientifically.
This study used qualitative methodology to explore the psychological and social experiences of individuals as they attempt to change their orientation.
The findings support and extend existing research and suggest that there may be important differences in religious outlook between those who persist in trying to change and those who go on to affirm a homosexual identity. Visit Source Website Nicolosi, J. Retrospective self-reports of changes in homosexual orientation: A consumer survey of conversion therapy clients.
Psychological Reports , 86, There were 70 closed-ended questions on the survey and 5 open-ended ones. Of the participants, of them reported that they had received conversion therapy from a professional therapist or a pastoral counselor.
Of the participants or After receiving therapy or engaging in self-help, As a group, the participants reported large and statistically significant reductions in the frequency of their homosexual thoughts and fantasies that they attributed to conversion therapy or self-help.
They also reported large improvements in their psychological, interpersonal, and spiritual well-being. These responses cannot, for several reasons, be generalized beyond the present sample, but the attitudes and ideas are useful in developing testable hypotheses for further research.
Can we change sexual orientation? Archives of Sexual Behavior, 41 1 , The self-reports of individuals who claim that they have changed their sexual orientation are either dismissed as false or relied upon to promote sexual orientation change efforts.
However, these reactions do not capture the complexity of the sexual reorientation phenomenon. This article provides an overview regarding the promise and effort of sexual reorientation and how this knowledge may inform our current understanding of human sexuality. Specifically, a brief history is given of the interventions used to change attractions to same-sex adults and the assumptions underlying these efforts.
Information will be given regarding which conclusions can be derived from sexual reorientation studies.
The same anti-LGBT groups then filed challenges to the law in New Jersey, where a federal district court upheld it as well. Gay marriage. Main article: Psychoanalysis. Robinson Go to the previous page, or return to the Reparative Therapy menu, or choose:. Pink News.
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Can Psychiatrists Really "Cure" Homosexuality? - Scientific American
M athew Shurka was 16 when he sat down with his father and told him he was gay. But, in that highly charged moment, the reaction was good. I was told I could have the same attraction for girls as I did for boys. This was I was scared. I wanted to do whatever it took. Shurka ended up in conversion therapy for five years. He was instructed to use Viagra when having sex with women. How did his mother respond?
How was Shurka affected? My depression was serious. I gained 60lbs [27kg]. I felt suicidal all the time. It is based on the real case of a year-old who posted on Myspace about being sent somewhere similar. The Oscar-tipped, star-studded Boy Erased is adapted from a brilliant memoir by Garrard Conley , the son of a Baptist pastor who was enrolled on a Love In Action programme.
And is it not happening only in the US Bible belt. When Shurka was 19, he attended a weekend conversion camp called Journey Into Manhood, where Jack and the Beanstalk was the fairytale narrative of choice used to reclaim masculinity. All share in common the false, unethical assumption that being LGBT is a condition that requires curing. A psychological disorder, in other words. Malta was the first country in Europe to ban it — only two years ago. The momentum to end the practice is growing, however.
The UK government recently announced a commitment to ban it, following a Church of England vote last year that condemned the practice. All major counselling and psychotherapy bodies, as well as the NHS, have signed a memorandum of understanding condemning the practice. Announcing a ban is the easy bit. The difficult part is drafting the legislation and implementing it. In the US, anyone can give conversion therapy to an adult, but 13 states have passed bills stating a licensed professional cannot offer it to a minor.
A report published in January by the sexual-orientation thinktank Williams Institute found that , LGBT adults in the US have received conversion therapy at some point in their lives, while an estimated 20, LGBT teenagers in the US will be subjected to it by a licensed healthcare professional before the age of He is in Brazil, where last year a ban on conversion therapy was overturned.
The impact can be nothing short of devastating. Depression, anxiety, substance abuse, loss of faith, high-risk sexual behaviours, guilt, isolation and self-hatred are all common effects. He says recognising that there is nothing to repair can take a lifetime.
Yet, in the UK and elsewhere, conversion therapy has historically been underreported, underestimated or denied altogether. Bisi Alimi grew up in a mixed Christian-Muslim family in Lagos, Nigeria, and became a born-again Christian at the age of When two friends suggested he get help, he agreed to tell a pastor. The conversion therapy lasted seven days, during which Alimi, then 17, was locked in a dark room and made to fast and pray around the clock. The pastors are praying with me all night.
Two weeks later, Alimi made his first suicide attempt. How did he manage to walk away? But I still have flashbacks. We can ban it here, but what laws will protect them? Research she conducted last year found that of the LGBT people of faith who responded to her questionnaire had experienced conversion therapy. Ozanne is a survivor herself. Growing up in a conservative community in Guernsey, she joined a charismatic evangelical youth group called the God Squad in her teenage years.
When she started falling for women in her 20s, she put herself through years of conversion therapy. I was in a very senior position [in the Church of England].
You might think I should have known better, but the world I was in believed it with me. What form of conversion therapy did she experience? I literally went round the world asking all the key figures in the evangelical world to help me. The impact on her physical and mental health was huge. I had huge undiagnosed pain, which was eventually put down to extreme levels of stress. I then had a mental breakdown. After suffering a second major physical and mental breakdown, Ozanne finally made the decision to embrace her sexuality when she turned I often compare it to FGM [female genital mutilation] : it happens in the back streets, performed by well-meaning people who cause deep harm.
It takes a lifetime to recover. I know people who were encouraged to take off all their clothes in large groups and [were] then shouted at. People who are supposed to be encouraging faith are doing the opposite. Shurka finally found the courage to leave conversion therapy. His new religion is activism. How did he do it? It has been an incredible journey to discover there was nothing wrong with me all along.
In Australia, the crisis support service Lifeline is 13 11 Other international suicide helplines can be found at befrienders. Facebook Twitter Pinterest.
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